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    Selma Meyers was born April 15, 1928, in Brooklyn, New York. The birth date is based on information at and Dignity Memorial.

    In the 1930 U.S Federal Census, Selma was the second and youngest child of Louis, a baker, and Cecilia, who were Polish emigrants. Selma’s older brother was “Abie” [Abraham]. The family resided in Brooklyn at 1456 44th Street

    The 1940 census recorded the Meyers’ new address in Brooklyn, 114 Manjer Street, and two additional children, Harriet and Melvin.

    Selma graduated from New York City’s School of Industrial Art in 1945. On page 14 of the yearbook was Meyers’ name, specialty and achievements: “Silk Screen. Valedictorian; General Excellence Award; Designed commencement program cover.” The Class of 1945 included Rocco Mastroserio, Joe Orlando, Peter Pandolfi, Gaspar Saladino, and August Scotto

    The Northport Journal, (New York), June 23, 1949, covered Selma’s marriage.
    The wedding of Miss Selma Meyers and Bernard Gleit took place last Sunday evening, June 12, in the Temple Auditorium in Brooklyn. Immediately following the ceremony, a reception was held in the Auditorium for friends and family of the bride and groom, the guests numbering two hundred. Mr. and Mrs. Gleit left later for their honeymoon trip to Schroon Lake, a resort in the Adirondacks, where they stayed until their return on Sunday, June 19.

    Mrs. Gleit a popular Huntington Station resident is a graduate of the Industrial School of Arts Class of 1945, of New York City, and also attended Pratt Institute in that city. She is presently an artist for the National Comics Publications in New York. Mr. Gleit is connected with the Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company.

    The young couple are making their home on Jacobson Avenue in Huntington Station, where they are already well known and well liked Mrs. Gleit is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Meyers of that community, and Bernard is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Herman Gleit of Broadway in Greenlawn.
    Selma is not listed in Who’s Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. It’s not known what her role was at National and what titles she worked on.

    The Northport Journal, August 9, 1961, reported the birth of a son.

    Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Gleit are the proud parents of a boy born in the Huntington Hospital last Thursday. Mr. B. Gleit is the son of Herman Gleit of the Broadway stationery store.
    There were two sons, David and Stephen.

    Selma’s husband passed away July 25, 1995 in West Palm Beach, Florida. Selma’s passing was on April 4, 2012 in West Palm Beach.

    The Selma Gleit Memorial Scholarship for Women in STEM was established by a granddaughter, Naomi Gleit, in 2015.

    (Next post on Monday: Searching for Sid Check)

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    Sid Check was born around the same time as fellow comic book artists Wally Wood (1927), Joe Orlando (1927), Frank Frazetta, (1928), Al Williamson (1931) and Angelo Torres (1932). Child of Tomorrow: And Other Stories (2013) said Check lived in Brooklyn, New York where he attended the Mark Twain Junior High School.

    With this information I began my search for Check.

    In the 1940 U.S. Federal Census, there was a ten-year-old Sidney Check who resided in Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York at 3001 West 29 Street. (No other boys named Sidney Check or Sydney Check were found in Brooklyn.) Check lived with his uncle and aunt, Morris and Rose Applebaum. Morris worked in children’s clothing. The census said Check was born in New Jersey around 1930 and, in 1935, lived in Newark, New Jersey.

    A Social Security application, transcribed at, was filled out by Sidney Charles Check who was born August 2, 1930 in Newark, New Jersey. His parents were Abraham Check and Ida Applebaum.

    Check’s parents were found in the 1930 census which was enumerated in April, four months before Check’s birth. Check’s parents were Polish emigrants who arrived in 1926. The census recorded their address as 217 Harrison Avenue in Newark, New Jersey. Check’s father was a tailor at a clothing house. Also in the household was Morris Applebaum, Ida’s brother. What happened to Check’s parents is not known. At some point Check was in the care of his uncle and aunt.

    The Mark Twain Junior High School (known today as Mark Twain Intermediate School 239 for the Gifted and Talented) is located in Coney Island, Brooklyn at 2401 Neptune Avenue, less than a ten minute walk from Check’s home that was about a mile west of the train station.

    Check graduated from the School of Industrial Art (SIA) in Manhattan. Below is the 1948 yearbook photograph with his name, address and major: “Check, Sidney; 2995 West 29 Street; Brooklyn, 26[?], New York; Cartooning.” Check lived on the same street and near his previous address. Check may have known Orlando, who was in the Class of 1945, and Torres, a 1951 graduate.

    Check’s earliest comic book work dates to 1950 according to Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999 and 1951 in the Grand Comics DatabaseAgainst the Grain: Mad Artist Wallace Wood (2003) said “Working off and on with Wood since 1949, Check was a huge comic book fan while growing up in the Thirties and Forties. He held Wood, Williamson, [Roy] Krenkel and Frazetta in high regard and eventually became friends with these talented giants.”

    Below is Check’s “The Spartans!” in Battlefront #23, September 1954.

    Child of Tomorrow said “Check grew up in Brooklyn, New York, where he and Frank Frazetta knew each other as boys in the same neighborhood.” In the 1930 census, Frazetta lived at 1203 Avenue Y in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn which was about three miles east of Check’s home. Frazetta’s address in the 1940 census was 2435 East 11th Street, about a block-and-a-half from his old home. Frazetta studied at Michele Falanga’s Brooklyn Academy of Fine Arts and did not mention Check as a student there. Frazetta attended Abraham Lincoln High School, in Brooklyn, when Check was at SIA. It’s not clear when and where Check and Frazetta first met as boys.

    The New York City, Marriage License Indexes at said a Sidney Check and Betty Green obtained a Brooklyn marriage license in 1952. The couple were granted an August 1957 divorce in Russell County, Alabama. There was no mention of Check’s marital status by his friends and colleagues.

    Check’s name and address were recorded in a 1964 Brooklyn voter registration enrollment book: “Check Sidney C. 2995 W 29th st 1868762—D”.

    Child of Tomorrow said “Sometime in the early 1970s, Torres bumped into Check on the street. ‘He told me he had a regular job and wasn’t involved in comics anymore. I never saw him again after that,’ Torres said.” Years later, some of Check’s possessions in a storage locker were sold.

    According to the Social Security Death Index, Check passed away June 19, 2002. His last residence was Coney Island, Brooklyn at the 11224 ZIP Code.

    (Next post on Monday: School of Industrial Art’s Comic Book Artists, 1939–1951)

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    The School of Industrial Art (SIA) was founded in 1936. In 1960 SIA announced the change of its name to the High School of Art and Design. The first SIA yearbook was published in 1942. Yearbooks can be viewed here.

    CLASS OF 1939

    Al Plastino

    CLASS OF 1942

    William Molno

    John Styga 

    CLASS OF 1943

    John Belfi

    Carmine Infantino

    CLASS OF 1944

    Jack Abel
    “No Tyrone Power
    or Clark Gable.
    But he’s ready,
    willing and able.”

    Charles Grandenetti

    Ezra Jackson

    CLASS OF 1945

    Rocco Mastroserio

    Selma Meyers

    Joseph Orlando

    Peter Pandolfi

    Gaspar Saladino

    August Scotto

    Frank Loffredo might be Loffredo in Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999

    CLASS OF 1946

    Seymour Barry

    Robert Hirsch

    Jacob Katz (no photograph; listed in senior directory)

    Seymour Moskowitz (no photograph; listed in senior directory)

    Alvaro Scaduto

    Alexander Toth

    Morris Waldinger

    William Weltman (no photograph; listed in senior directory)

    CLASS OF 1947

    John D’Agostino

    Hal Fromm

    John Romita

    Herbert Tauss

    CLASS OF 1948

    Sidney Check

    Joseph P. Gagliardi

    Leonard Herman

    CLASS OF 1949

    Stanley Goldberg and here

    Eugene Russo might be Russo in Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999

    CLASS OF 1950

    Ernest Colon

    James Infantino

    CLASS OF 1951

    Lionel J. Dillon

    Angelo Torres

    CLASS OF 1952

    no cartooning course

    CLASS OF 1953

    CLASS OF 1954

    Victor Moscoso

    CLASS OF 1955

    Colin Allen (far left) begins as cartooning instructor

    CLASS OF 1956

    Ralph Bakshi

    CLASS OF 1957

    Sheldon Brodsky

    CLASS OF 1958

    Victor Gorelick

    John Verpoorten (no photograph; listed on Camera Shy page) 

    CLASS OF 1959

    Neal Adams

    CLASS OF 1960

    last yearbook of the School of Industrial Art

    CLASS OF 1961

    first yearbook of the High School of Art and Design

    CLASS OF 1962

    Famous Last Words
    Colin Allen: You can come back at 3:15.

    CLASS OF 1963

    Famous Last Words
    Alvin Hollingsworth: Soon we’ll all be selling frankfurters on Second Ave. 

    Harry Blumfield

    CLASS OF 1964

    Marvin Wolfman (undergraduate) 

    CLASS OF 1965

    Colin Allen, staff

    Alvin Hollingsworth, staff

    Bernard Krigstein, staff

    Arthur I. Spiegelman

    CLASS OF 1966

    Colin Allen, Alvin Hollingsworth, Bernard Krigstein

    CLASS OF 1967

    Charles [Colin] Allen, Alvin Hollingsworth, Bernard Krigstein

    CLASS OF 1968

    Charles [Colin] Allen (final year at school), Alvin Hollingsworth, Bernard Krigstein 

    CLASS OF 1969

    Alvin Hollingsworth, Bernard Krigstein 

    Class year unknown or did not graduate
    Valerie Barclay (classmate with Allen Bellman)
    Ernest Bache

    Allen Bellman and here (classmate with Valerie Barclay)
    Frank Bolle
    Solomon Brodsky
    Nick Cardy (classmate with Al Plastino)
    Bernard Case
    Jon D’Agostino

    Frank Giacoia (classmate with Belfi, Kane and Infantino; dropped out to work full-time)
    Joe Giella (classmate with Gaspar Saladino)
    Raymond Gill
    Alfonso Greene

    Gil Kane (classmate with Belfi, Giacoia and Infantino; dropped out to work full-time)
    Rudy Lapick
    Peter Morisi
    Martin Rosenheck
    Joseph Michael Roy
    Al Scaduto
    Mike Sekowsky
    Emilio Squeglio
    Chic Stone
    Martin Thall
    Albert William Tyler aka Alberto Pugluico

    John Buscema graduated from the High School of Music and Art. Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999 said he graduated from SIA.

    Related Post
    Pratt Institute and the Golden Age of Comics

    (Next post on Thursday: Happy Thanksgiving, 1907)

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  • 11/23/17--05:00: Happy Thanksgiving, 1907

  • Collier’s, November 23, 1907

    (Next post on Monday: Sam Marsh)

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  • 11/27/17--05:00: Lettering: Sam Marsh

  • Samuel H. “Sam” Marsh was on August 20 or 21, 1899, in Warsaw, Poland. The birth dates were recorded on several passenger lists when Marsh went overseas. Early census records said Marsh was born in Russia while later records named Poland. The New York Times, April 2, 1969, said he was born in Warsaw.

    On May 5, 1906, Marsh, his mother, Helena and siblings Aron, Odessa and Benjamin, were aboard the S.S. Zeeland when it departed Antwerp, Belgium. They arrived in the port of New York City on May 15. The passenger list said they were Hebrew and were going to the home of Marsh’s father and maternal grandfather who resided at 7 Willett Street in New York City.

    The 1910 U.S. Federal Census recorded Marsh, his parents and four siblings in Manhattan at 204 East 109 Street. His father had a plumbing business.

    In the 1915 New York state census, the Marshes were Bronx residents at 1082 South Boulevard. 

    The Stamp Specialist Orange Book (1941) said Marsh was “educated in the public and High Schools of New York.  After service in the U.S. Navy, was employed by J. & R. Lamb, ecclesiastical art workers. Received first training in lettering and designing tombstones and procession crosses!” The Times said Marsh graduated from Stuyvesant High School and was offered a scholarship to the Columbia University School of Architecture. However, Marsh had to earn a living and found a job doing decorative lettering for tombstones.

    1920 census said Marsh was an artist at a studio. He lived with his parent in the Bronx at 890 Forest Avenue. According to the Times, Marsh formed a studio, S.H. Marsh Associates, which became very successful.

    The Stamp Specialist Orange Book said Marsh “studied at the New York Evening School of Industrial Design and the Art Students League for five years. During that time, worked for the McFadden Publications, Robert Gare, packaging, and the Harry Marx Advertising Art Service. Became free lance in 1926…”

    Mamaroneck, New York was Marsh’s home in the 1930 census. He was married to Lenore, a Brooklyn native, and had a daughter. They lived on Bleecker Street and employed a maid. Marsh was a commercial artist in the lettering trade.

    Edward Rondthaler mentioned Marsh in his book, Life with Letters—As They Turned Photogenic (1981), on pages 54 and 55.

    …Mr. Kohl, who held the purse strings at J. Walter Thompson, sent word that Photo-Lettering was not to add any more hand lettered styles. Flexible type was to be our province. We could keep the styles we already had but no new ones. Evidently Sam Marsh had persuaded him that the newcomers on Forty-fifth Street were getting out of hand and should be fenced in. We had no choice but to pull back for a while and hope the storm would blow over.

    Much later in life I learned that it’s almost impossible to deny an enterprise the tools that enable it to prosper. Certainly you can’t do it artificially, and that’s what Mr. Kohl was trying to do. He was probably making a gesture in behalf of his friend Sam Marsh, but it’s rare that the power of a gesture from on high can match the determination of the little fellow way down the ladder fighting for his life. We all remember the vivid example of this in the Vietnam war. Big money and big firepower with halfhearted commitment was no match for little money and little firepower with big commitment.

    Railroad Gothic finally gave us our chance to break Mr. Kohl's ban. Railroad needed a lowercase, it needed certain improvements in the caps, and it needed more weights and proportions. Any change on battered old Railroad Gothic could easily be passed off as no more than flexing type. At first we called our revision “Railroad” just in case Mr. Kohl flagged us down. But when nothing happened we threw caution to the wind and boldly renamed the new gothic in honor of our favorite telephone exchange—Murray Hill.

    The Daily Argus (Mount Vernon, New York), February 5, 1938, reported Marsh’s stamp design.
    A small green stamp, bearing the legend “Peace is the new patriotism” was introduced into Westchester yesterday, when Mrs. Charles F. Robbins, of Llewelyn Park, West Orange, N. J., chairman of the Peace Stamp Committee of the New Jersey Council of International Relations, was a luncheon guest of Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, 120 Paine Avenue, New Rochelle. With Mrs. Robbins was Mrs. Frederick A. Coombs, international relations chairman of the Woman’s Club of Orange, N. J.

    The stamp, designed by Sam Marsh, New York artist, represents the globe. The band encircling it with the quotation, expresses a thought voiced some 20 years ago by the late Jane Addams. Above and below is printed “Encircle the globe with thought.”

    The New York Sun, March 21, 1938, said “Eastern Offices, Inc., leased space in the Graybar Building, 420 Lexington avenue to Samuel H. Marsh…”

    Marsh and his wife visited Mexico. They departed abroad the S.S. Yucatan from Vera Cruz, Mexico on November 6, 1935 and arrived in New York six days later. The following year, they visited South America. On November 11, 1936, the steamship Santa Inez departed Callao, Peru and arrived in the port of New York on the 24th. The passenger list said Marsh’s address was Taylor’s Land, Mamaroneck, New York. Marsh visited the Bahamas in 1939. He returned to New York on April 7. Marsh gave his business address, 420 Lexington Avenue, New York City, on the passenger list. Marsh returned from a trip to Jamaica on April 25, 1940, about two-and-a-half weeks before the 1940 census enumeration.

    Marsh, his wife and two daughters, Ellen and Audrey, made their home in Rye, New York, as recorded in the 1940 census. Marsh operated a commercial studio. 

    The Stamp Specialist Orange Book published Paul F. Berdanier’s “Designs for U.S. Stamps” on how to improve the country’s postage stamp designs. Various methods of selecting designers were mentioned. Berdanier assembled twelve designers, including himself, to submit designs to the Post Office. Each designer, including Marsh, was profiled. 

    Scott’s Monthly Stamp Journal, December 1942, said: 
    In the July 1941, and July and August, 1942, issues of the Journal we told about the movement inaugurated by a group of liberal artists to convince official Washington that there are superb designers in the United States other than Federal employees at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and that the appearance of Uncle Sam’s postal paper could in their opinion be immeasurably improved if Washington would adapt some of the design-ideas proffered by such artists.

    Proposed designs for the “United Nations” and “Four Freedoms”stamps were prepared by Mr. Helguera and Mr. Manship and the following: Gordon Aymer, Paul F. Berdanier, Warren Chapel, Andre Durencean, Alexander Kahn, Robert Riggs, Carl Setterberg, Paul Shively, Irwin Smith, Hugo Steiner-Prag (who designed many of Hungary’s stamps before he came to the United States), John Vicery, Edwin A. Wilson. Much of the lettering was done by Sam Marsh.

    “A Crusade for for Better U.S. Postage Stamps” appeared in the March 1943 issue of American Artist. Many artists submitted designs, some of which were reproduced.

    Four stamps with lettering by Marsh 

    The Times, May 8, 1945, said George Salter and Paul Standard assembled examples of modern lettering and calligraphy for an exhibition at the A-D Gallery in May 1945. Among the exhibitors were Arnold Bank, Warren Chappell, W.A. Dwiggins, Gustav Jensen, Marsh, William Metzig, Oscar Ogg, George Salter, Andrew Szoke and Tommy Thompson.

    Marsh and daughter Audrey visited the Bahamas in 1946. Their Pan American World Airways plane landed in Miami, Florida on January 2, 1947. On the same airline, Marsh flew from San Juan, Puerto Rico to New York City on December 23, 1948.

    The Times, December 24, 1949 reported Marsh’s marriage to Margot Woodle, a sculptor, on the 23rd in Irvington-on-Hudson, New York. On December 27, 1949, Marsh and Margot sailed on the S.S. Ile de France from New York City to Le Havre, France. On the same ship the couple returned to New York City on February 9, 1950. Marsh’s address was 150 East 33rd Street, New York, New York. They also visited Puerto Rico in 1951 and 1952.

    Stamp Specialist Orange Book said Marsh “has…done work for all the leading advertising agencies as well as a number of industrial organizations. At present, his studio is in the Graybar Building [420 Lexington Avenue] where he works with his staff of specialists.” The 1949 Official Directory, American Illustrators and Advertising Artists had this listing: “Sam Marsh Lettering, Package Design, 420 Lexington Ave. MU 3-3135 Trade-Marks New York 17, N. Y.” 

    Jacket design by Marsh, 1959

    Marsh endorsed Letraset’s dry-transfer “instant lettering” in an advertisement in The Penrose Annual, Volume 56, 1962.

    Courtesy of Rod McDonald

    Postage Stamps of the United States (1966) published the names of the designers, artists and letterers. Here are Marsh’s credits.

    Air Mail 7¢; Artist, William H. Buckley; lettering by Sam Marsh; First day issue July 31, 1958, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

    Overland Mail 4¢; Design by William H. Buckley; Art by C.R. Chickering; Lettering by Sam Marsh; First day issue October 10, 1958, San Francisco, California

    Winston Churchill; Designer, Richard Hurd; lettering by Sam Marsh; First day issue May 13, 1965, Fulton, Missouri

    Salvation Army; Designer, Sam Marsh; First day issue July 2, 1965, New York, New York

    Herbert Hoover; Designer, Norman Todhunter; lettering by Sam Marsh; First day issue August 10, 1965, West Branch, Iowa

    The Times said Marsh retired in 1967 and, about two years later, passed away March 31, 1969 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. He lived at 70 West 10th Street and in Santa Fe, New Mexico.  

    (Next post on Monday: Types of Mind)

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  • 12/04/17--05:00: Lettering: Types of Mind

  • Benjamin Perley Poore (1820–1887) had a collection of over 2,700 autographs, that were sold at auction in 1888. Catalogue of the Collection of Autographs Belonging to the Estate of the Late Maj. Ben. Perley Poore, of Newburyport, Mass.

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, January 1, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, January 8, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, January 15, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, January 22, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, January 29, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, February 5, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, February 12, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, February 26, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, March 5, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, March 19, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, April 2, 1853

    Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-room Companion, April 16, 1853

    (Next post on Monday: Elmer “Tom” Tomasch, a Timely Artist)

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    Elmer John “Tom” Tomasch was born on November 16, 1914, in Cleveland, Ohio, according to his Social Security application at His parents were John Tomasch and Julia Kosman, both Hungarian (1920 census) or Czechoslovakian (1930 census) emigrants.

    1920 United States Federal Census
    Home: 3477 West 126 Street, West Park, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
    Name / Age / Occupation
    John Tomasch, 36, “cooper”
    Julia Tomasch, 28, none
    Elmer Tomasch, 5, none
    Helen Tomasch, 7, none
    (spelled “Thomash” by census enumerator)

    1930 United States Federal Census
    Home: 3477 West 126 Street, West Park, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
    Name / Age / Occupation
    John Tomasch, 44, automobile blacksmith
    Julia Tomasch, 38, none
    Helen Tomasch, 16, none
    Elmer Tomasch, 15, newsboy route
    Jack Tomasch, 4, none
    Olma Taub, 21, exchange operator

    Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945) said Tomasch graduated from the Cleveland School of Art and Western Reserve University. He received his master’s degree from Kansas State College. Tomasch was a Cleveland public school teacher.

    Cleveland Plain Dealer
    June 4, 1933
    May Show at the Cleveland Museum of Art
    Class of Illustration.
    …Other strong exhibitors are Elmer Tomasch…

    Cleveland Plain Dealer
    June 2, 1935
    May Show at the Cleveland Museum of Art
    …Entrants from the teacher training classes were…Elmer J. Tomasch.

    Missouri, Marriage Records
    Name: Elmer J Tomasch
    Spouse: Sadie M Pelkey
    Marriage: November 22, 1939, Jackson, Missouri

    The Lake Placid News

    (New York)
    December 8, 1939

    Placid Figure Skater Weds Art Teacher
    A shower and reception for Mr. and Mrs. Thomas [sic] Tomaseh was given recently by friends at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey upon the arrival of the bridal couple from Cleveland. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Pelkey and was the former Miss Sadie Pelkey.

    Both bride and groom took part at the New York’s World’s Fair. They plan to spend some time here before returning to Cleveland. Mrs. Tomaseh will continue her figure skating and her husband will also take up skating and skiing during his stay here. Among those attending the shower at which the couple received many attractive and useful gifts were: Mr. and Mrs. Frank LaBare, Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Pratt, Louis Perry and Richard Charland of Standish, Miss Katharine Pelkey, sister of the bride, and Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey.
    1940 United States Federal Census
    Home: 4012 Franklin Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio
    Name / Age / Occupation
    Elmer J Tomasch, 25, public school art teacher
    Sadie M Tomasch, 20, New York World’s Fair figure skater

    Soon after the census enumeration in April, Tomasch moved to Lake Placid, New York, where Tomasch’s first son, Lyndon, was born on June 10, 1940. Also born in Lake Placid was Kim on July 14, 1947. Tomasch had a third son, Bret. The Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists said Tomasch taught at Lake Placid.

    An obituary for Sadie said:

    As a young woman, Mrs. Tomasch was a professional ice skater and skated with the Ice Capades. While skating at the 1939 World’s Fair, held in New York City, she met and later married Elmer J. Tomasch, a caricature artist also working at the World’s Fair….The Tomasch’s lived in New York City for several years before moving to Manhattan [Kansas] in 1947….
    The Lake Placid News
    July 12, 1940
    Three Lake Placid students are enrolled in the summer school at Syracuse University, Miss Stella McKeown, Charles F. Lehman, Jr., and Elmer J. Tomasch.
    The Lake Placid News
    August 16, 1940
    Among the house guests this week at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey are: Mrs. John Tomasch and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Becker, all of Cleveland, O. They are visiting Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Tomasch who live at the Pelkey home.
    The Lake Placid News
    June 27, 1941
    Mr. and Mrs. E.J. Tomasch left Monday for New York City where Mr. Tomasch will remain to attend summer school. Mrs. Tomasch will return later in the week.
    The Lake Placid News
    March 13, 1942
    Junior Class Presents Play Tonight, ‘The Late Christopher’
    …The set and stage background were designed by James Mulvey and the art director Elmer Tomasch….
    The Lake Placid News
    September 11, 1942
    Miss Kate Pelkey returned Tuesday after spending a week at the home of her sister, Mrs. E.J. Tomasch in Astoria, L.I. [New York City’s Queens Borough] Returning with her was Mrs. Tomasch’s infant son, Lyndon, who will spend some time at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey.
    an excerpt from “Allen Bellman: The Interview”
    Michael J. Vassallo: Who were some of your biggest artistic influences at Timely?
    Allen Bellman: At Timely there was a guy named Tom Tomasch. He taught me a lot when I arrived. He was a short guy, very sophisticated and very nice. A real classy person. He even wrote a book on anatomy. [The ABC’s of Anatomy (1947)] He knew anatomy so well. He originally lived up in Lake Placid. His real name was, I think Elmer Tomasch but he was known as Tom. He would look over my work and correct me early on. Syd Shores was also a great help.

    M: Was Tom Tomasch an artist or production person?
    B: Tom was an artist and a darned good one at that. He knew his anatomy extremely well. He would make suggestions to me that helped me in my drawing.
    The interview has Tomasch’s illustration for “Make Up Your Mind!” which was published in Miss America, Volume 1, Number 4, January 1945. Tomasch also illustrated “It’s Fun to Act” which was in the second issue of Miss America.

    In Alter Ego #11, November 2001, Jim Amash interviewed Vince Fago, artist, writer and third editor-in-chief of Timely Comics. Amash asked, “Who else sticks out in your mind from Timely?” After naming several artists, Fago said, “There was a man named Thomas who did a lot of the Human Torch stories; he later became a teacher. I don’t remember anything else about him except he was German.” Fago described Tomasch whose name sounded like Thomas.

    Alter Ego #33, February 2004, published “Viva Valerie! An Interview with ‘Glamorous Girl Inker’ Valerie (a.k.a.) Violet) Barclay”. The interview was conducted by Jim Amash who asked, “What do you remember about Syd Shores?” Barclay answered
    “He was a very talented artist who did Captain America. He had another artist who worked with him who was a short, blond, Irish or English type of guy. I can’t think of his name now, but he used to take Syd Shores’ work and ink it. He had a tremendous knowledge of anatomy and would sharpen up muscles. Syd would pencil very roughly, and this man was a strong inker who’d tighten it all up.”
    [Note: Vince Alascia isn’t the man Valerie Barclay was trying to recall. Anybody know who it might be?—Jim.]
    I believe Barclay described Tomasch.

    Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists said Tomasch joined the faculty at Kansas State University, Manhattan in 1947. Tomasch’s work was exhibited in Prairie Water Color Painters, Derby, England, 1948, and Kansas State University, 1978.

    The Lake Placid News

    April 30, 1948
    Infant Death
    Word has been received here of the death of the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer J. Tomasch of Manhattan, Kansas, and granddaughter of Mr. and Mrs. Nelson of Lake Placid and Mr. and Mrs. John Tomasch of Cleveland, Ohio. Also a niece of Mrs. C.J. Martin, lake Placid, and Helen Becker of Cleveland. Burial was in the Catholic cemetery in Manhattan.
    The Lake Placid News
    July 27, 1951
    Tomasch Home Ruined in Flood
    Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey gave received word by radiogram and letter from their daughter, Mrs. Elmer Tomasch, telling of her family’s safety after being caught in the flood at Manhattan, Kan. It was the first news received from the family in three weeks. The flood ruined their home where seven feet of water still remained and the family was taken for refuge to the Kansas State College where Mr. Tomasch is professor of art.
    Kansas State Collegian
    November 14, 1951
    page 8: Kansas Magazine Features Articles, Art by K-Staters

    Kansas State Collegian
    November 19, 1951
    page 7: Ability to Sleep on the Job Pays Off for Models in Tomasch’s Art Classes

    Kansas State Collegian
    December 13, 1951
    page 15: Catalogs, Bulletins Win First Prizes

    Kansas State Collegian
    February 4, 1952
    page 3: Tomasch Is Brain Behind Artistry of Publications

    The Lake Placid News
    August 15, 1952
    Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Tomasch and children of Manhattan, Kan., are visiting Mrs. Tomasch’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Pelkey. Mrs. Tomasch and children will remain here during the winter while Mr. Tomasch studies for a master’s degree at New York University. During the week they made a brief trip to Cleveland to visit the mother of Mr. Tomasch, accompanying Mr. and Mrs. Robert Pfieffer of Manhattan, who drove east with them last Friday.
    1952 Royal Purple
    Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kansas
    Tomasch contributed over 20 cartoons
    page 140: “E.J. Tomasch, whose sketches appear throughout the book, handled all cartoon artwork in the 1952 Royal Purple and gave invaluable assistance in working out page layouts for the book.”

    1954 Royal Purple
    Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kansas

    1955 Royal Purple
    Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kansas

    Kansas State Collegian
    May 9, 1957
    page 1: German Arts to Highlight Weekend Festival Program
    ...Saturday’s schedule includes a gallery lecture at 2:30 p.m. on drawings and graphic arts being exhibited in the art lounge by E.J. Tomasch, assistant professor in the Architecture and Allied Arts department.
    Kansas State Collegian
    November 6, 1957
    page 3: SU Displays Kansas Art
    The Kansas Federation of Art is sponsoring a display of 16 paintings in the Union lounge. The paintings will remain there until November 10.

    ...Six of the paintings are by members of the K-State faculty.
    The faculty members are Oscar V. Larmer, assistant professor of art; E.J. Tomasch, assistant professor of architecture; …
    Kansas State College Bulletin
    Volume 42, Number 11, 1958
    Kansas Engineering Experiment Station
    Bulletin 87, 1958
    Creative Drawing
    E. J. Tomasch

    Kansas State Collegian
    October 28, 1958
    page 3: SU Kansas Mag Ready Soon for Stands
    Kansas Magazine will soon make its yearly appearance on the newsstands. It contains 104 pages of literature and art produced mainly by Kansans and former Kansans. All of the works are appearing in ring for the first times.…Of the eight contributors of art, one is a K-State staff member—E.J. Tomasch of the Art Department.
    Kansas State Collegian
    November 20, 1958
    page 1: SU Contemporary Italian Music Discussed by Prof Stratton
    ,,,E.J. Tomasch will give a demonstration of portraiture in the art lounge at 3:15 p.m….
    1959 Royal Purple
    Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kansas

    Kansas State Collegian
    February 4, 1959
    page 1: Art Not Appreciated, Claims Professor
    …When he came here in 1947, this was his first college position. He had previously worked in New York City for the Martin-Goodman [sic] Publications….
    The Salina Journal
    November 19, 1965
    Sandzen Gallery Plans Reception 
    Lindsborg—The Sandzen Memorial gallery at Bethany college will ”…also have a new show Sunday, a one-man show by E. J. Tomasch, Kansas State university. Prof. Tomasch is recognized for his work in figures and painting….”

    The Manhattan Mercury
    February 23, 1966
    K-State Art Professor Shows Negro Paintings
    Paintings of the life of Negroes is being featured in a one-man show by Elmer J. Tomasch at The Barn Gallery, 8200 Mission Road, Prairie Village, that began Sunday through March 13. Tomasch, an associate professor of art at Kansas State University, is a pioneer in the emerging period of great art of today’s America.

    Explains Tomasch: “The changing status of the Negro and his role in today’s society is one of our nation’s most pressing and challenging problems. Our newspapers, radios, and television networks keep us well informed with daily reports on the latest developments in civil rights. We are permitted to see Uie Negro in his marches, as he is engaged in sit-ins, as he boycotts stores and even as he riots.

    “Yet there is another side to the Negro we barely know. The side which shows him as a man devoted to his family and as one who is capable of experiencing all emotions. It is this side of the life of Negroes I depict in the series of paintings currently being displayed.”

    Tomasch studied at the Cleveland School of Art. He has exhibited at the Gallery Anjoy, New York City; The Ankrum Gallery and the Paul Rival Gallery in Los Angeles; and the Cleveland Museum of Art. He has had one-man shows in Manhattan, Lindsborg and Wichita. 
    The Yellow Brick Road Trip
    Johnny Kaw Statute – Manhattan, KS
    “In 1966, Kaw was memorialized in a 30-foot, statue that cost $7,000 to build. He was designed by Elmer Tomasch, a member of the Kansas State University’s Art Department.”

    Tomasch wrote A Foundation for Expressive Drawing which was published in 1969.

    The Wichita Eagle (Kansas), October 19, 1969, reported the exhibition at the Birger Sandzen Memorial Art Gallery on the campus of Bethany College at Lindsborg, Kansas. The show included a painting or paintings by Tomasch.

    The Manhattan Mercury

    May 21, 1974
    Earns Award
    Bret Tomasch, son of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Tomasch, 809 Juniper Dr., was presented the John Philip Sousa Band award at Manhattan High School recently. A flutist, Tomasch has been selected for both the band and orchestra the past three years by the Kansas Music Education Association. He is also the holder of six gold medals in state music competition.
    Tomasch passed away May 12, 1977 according to the Manhattan Mercury.
    Well-known KSU artist Elmer Tomasch is dead
    Popular and prolific artist Elmer Tomasch, a member of the Kansas State University faculty for 30 years, died this morning at age 62 in Memorial Hospital. Death was attributed to natural causes. Final rites for one of the most versatile K-State Art Department members where he held the rank of associate professor will be held at 10 a.m. Saturday at Seven Dolors Roman Catholic Church with Fr. Carl Kramer as celebrant. Interment will be in Sunrise Cemetery. The Rosary will be recited for Mr. Tomasch at 7.30 p.m. Friday at the Parkview Funeral Home. Friends wishing to contribute to a memorial 'and for an art scholarship in Mr. Tomasch's name may leave donations at the funeral home.

    Mr. Tomasch is survived by his widow Sadie, of the home on Route 5; three sons, Kim and Bret of the home, and Lyndon of Olathe; one sister, Mrs. Helen Becker of Charlotte, N.C.; and two grandchildren.

    The artist whose works besides his paintings included numerous illustrations, caricatures and designs for such things as the Johnny Kaw statue in City Park had been a KSU artist member of the K-State art faculty since 1947. He gained reputation as an artist concerned with the use of the human figure. Man, through his eyes, was both idea and form, and he put his thoughts into his teaching and into [missing text]

    (Next post on Monday: 1 Ladder 1)

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    Air Mail—15¢

    Herb Lubalin; lettering: John Pistilli; statue drawn by Joseph Lomberdero.

    Vignette: R.M. Bower; outline frame, lettering, numeral and plane: G.L. Huber.

    First Day
    Nov. 20, 1959; New York, N.Y.

    Air Mail—25¢

    Herb Lubalin; lettering: John Pistilli; illustrations: Joseph Lomberdero.

    Portrait: M.D. Fenton; outline frame, stars, lettering, numeral and plane: H.F. Sharpless.

    First Day
    Apr. 22, 1960; San Francisco, Calif.

    Air Mail—10¢

    Herb Lubalin; lettering: John Pistilli; illustrations: Joseph Lomberdero.

    Vignette: A.W. Dintaman; outline frame, lettering and plane: G.L. Huber.

    First Day
    June 10, 1960; Miami, Fla.

    Air Mail—15¢

    Herb Lubalin; lettering: John Pistilli; statue drawn by Joseph Lomberdero (modeled by V.S. McCloskey, Jr.)

    Vignette: A.W. Dintaman; outline frame, lettering, numeral and plane: R.J. Jones.

    First Day
    Jan. 13, 1961; Buffalo, N.Y.

    Air Mail—13¢ 


    Herb Lubalin; lettering: John Pistilli; Modeled by V.S. McCloskey, Jr. and W.K. Schrage.


    Vignette: A.W. Dintaman; outline frame, lettering, numeral and plane: J.L. Huber.

    First Day

    June 28, 1961; New York, N.Y.

    Source: Postage Stamps of the United States: July 1, 1847 to December 31, 1965 (1966)

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    Five Points

    (Next post on Monday: 1 Ladder 1)

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  • 01/01/18--05:00: Street Scene: 1 Ladder 1

    100 Duane Street, Manhattan

    (Next post on Monday: Cornelia J. Hoff)

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    Cornelia Josephine Hoff was born on June 22, 1903, in Concord, Massachusetts, according to Massachusetts birth records at Her parents were Anton J. Hoff and Pauline Christianson.

    In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Hoff was the second of four daughters born to the Norwegian emigrant parents. Their father worked at odd jobs. The family resided in Concord on Barretts Mill Road.

    The Hoff family had a fifth daughter in the 1920 census. Their address was unchanged.

    In 1924 Hoff graduated from the Massachusetts Normal Art School in Boston. The Palette and Pen yearbook had Hoff’s photograph and this description:

    Our own “Connie,” lives in North Acton, Mass. She attended Concord High and graduated from there in ’20. “Connie” is a worker, mastering every single subject in its turn. There has never been one turned down or laid aside yet, by “Connie.” She was Secretary of her class as a Freshman, Sophomore and Senior, and has helped on all the Spreads, too. “Connie” will proceed to tell the younger generation just how things are done. Gee, if we could only be students again!

    The graduation was covered in the Christian Science Monitor, June 12, 1924. Hoff was one of eighteen women to receive a bachelor of science in education in the teacher-training department. Hoff was one of two students awarded the medal of honor in teacher training.

    Hoff was a teacher in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Her name was in the 44th Annual Report of the Town Officers of Wellesley, Massachusetts for the Year Ending December 31, 1924: “9. Cornelia Hoff; Drawing, Crafts; Massachusetts Normal Art School, B.S.; Sept. 1924” Her salary was four-hundred-and-eighty dollars.

    So far the earliest record of Hoff’s professional career was a listing in the Eastern Edition of Advertising Arts and Crafts (1927): 

    Hoff, Cornelia J., 6 Newbury St., Ken 6175 Boston, Mass. Borders, Decoration, Decorative Wash, Design, Layout, Lettering, Magazine Covers, Ornamentation, Poster, Trade Specialties, Black and White, Charcoal, Color, Line Drawings, Pastel, Pencil, Pen and Ink, Tempra, Wash, Water Color.
    Boston city directories, from 1929 to 1937, said Hoff was a commercial artist at 383 Boylston Street in room six. Hoff illustrated several children’s books and mathematics textbooks including The Sunshine School (1928), Walks and Talks in Numberland (1929), and The Alpha Individual Arithmetics series.

    The Boston Herald, October 12, 1930, reviewed the young artists exhibition at the Concord Art Centre and said, “…Some remarkable decorations for book pages are by Cornelia Hoff, daughter of one of the American Norwegian families numerous in Concord district, and already employed as illustrator by a leading text-book house.”

    In the 1930 and 1940 censuses, Hoff lived with her parents in Carlisle, Massachusetts. In 1930 Hoff’s occupation was illustrator. She was a freelance commercial artist in 1940.

    The Lowell Sun, September 21, 1942, reported the reception for the newly-elected pastor of the Carlisle Congregational Church, and said, “…At the end of the receiving line was Miss Irma D. Stanton with the guest book. This book was of original and clever design, the work of a church member, Miss Cornelia Hoff.”

    During World War II and the 1950s, Hoff produced designs and illustrations for the Strathmore Paper company. One piece (below) was included in Modern Publicity 23 (1954).

    Hoff’s father died September 12, 1948. Her mother’s death was on February 16, 1962. Hoff passed away May 24, 1964. She was laid to rest with her parents at Green Cemetery

    (Next post on Monday: Marcia Snyder, Artist)

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    Marcia Louise Snyder was born on May 13, 1907, in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The birth date is from the Social Security Death Index and the birthplace is based on her parents’ residence in Kalamazoo. Snyder’s full name appeared in the Kalamazoo Gazette (Michigan), June 13, 1921, and Florida death certificate. Snyder’s parents were Charles R. Snyder and Louise P. Underwood, who married on January 20, 1898 in Kalamazoo, according to the Michigan Marriage Records at Ancestry,com.

    In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Snyder’s parents resided with her maternal grandparents, Theodore and Katherine Underwood, in Chicago, Illinois, at 6707 Wentworth Avenue. Snyder’s father was a clerk at a shoe store. Shortly after the census enumeration, Snyder’s parents moved to Kalamazoo. The first child of Snyder’s parents died shortly after birth in 1902. The couple lost their second child in 1906.

    The 1907 and 1909 Kalamazoo city directories listed Snyder’s father as a clerk who lived at 219 West Cedar Street.

    The 1910 census recorded Snyder, her parents and three-month-old brother David, and an aunt, Pauline, in Kalamazoo at 1007 South West Street. Snyder’s father was a shoe store salesman. In the 1917 city directory, Snyder’s father worked in the insurance industry.

    The Gazette, May 11, 1919, reported the upcoming performance of the cantata, “Childhood of Hiawatha”. Snyder was one of the 150 children in the chorus that sang with the Chicago Symphony orchestra. Music News, May 30, 1919, published an article about the May Festival; Snyder was mentioned on page 15.

    Snyder was a Girl Scout. An advertisement for three screenings of the Girl Scout film, “The Golden Eaglet”, appeared in the Gazette, December 4, 1919, and said Snyder was one of the scouts appearing in a short exhibition of camp life and first aid work. The March 28, 1920 edition of the Gazette said Snyder, of Troop 4, passed the invalid bed making test. 

    The Snyder household and address remained the same in the 1920 census.

    The Gazette, June 13, 1921, said Snyder would be one of twenty-nine students graduating the eight grade of the Western Normal Training school on June 16. Snyder continued her education at Western Normal High School. Apparently, her school operated under the Kalamazoo Plan, a program for teaching art, which was examined in The School Arts Magazine, March 1922.

    The 1924 Kalamazoo city directory listed student Snyder and her parents at 121 West Lovell Street.

    Snyder graduated in 1925. Next to her senior photograph, in the Highlander yearbook, was this quote, “I love not man less, but art more.”

    Snyder may have continued her art training at another institution such as the Kalamazoo School of Art, Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, and Western Michigan University.

    The Journal of Proceedings of the Fifty-fourth Annual Convention of the Diocese of Western Michigan (1928) listed receipts for various services. Snyder submitted an invoice of six dollars and twenty-five cents for her signs

    Sometime in the late 1920s, Snyder moved to New York City. The 1930 census recorded Snyder as a self-employed artist who had two roommates, Lucile Cameron, a department store saleswoman, and Emma Rayhon, a bank file clerk. The trio lived at 315 West 4th Street in Manhattan.

    Snyder’s brother, David, a 1927 graduate, followed her to New York City. David’s marriage to Margaret Lusty was covered in the East Hampton Star (New York), June 9, 1933, which said, “A luncheon and reception was given by Miss Marion [sic] Snyder, sister of the groom, at her home in Greenwich Village immediately after the ceremony.”

    King Features Syndicate produced a women’s page with columns about fashion, child-rearing, gossip, beauty advice, etcetera. The page included illustrations and photographs. Snyder produced artwork for at least three of these pages.

    Long Island Daily Press, October 6, 1934

    Long Island Daily Press, October 13, 1934

    Long Island Daily Pres, October 31, 1934

    The Field Guide to Wild American Pulp Artists has several of Snyder’s mid-1930s pulp illustrations.

    Snyder’s mother passed away February 8, 1936 in Manhattan, New York City. On August 22, 1936 Snyder’s father married Myrtle L Russell in Kalamazoo.

    Snyder has not yet been found in the 1940 census. A 1942 Manhattan telephone directory had a listing for an “M L Snyder” at 141 East 45th Street.

    Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999 said Snyder found work at a number of comic book publishers and a comics studio.

    Regarding the Binder studio, Women and the Comics (1985) said “Most of these women were inkers and most soon left comics, but two of them, Ann Brewster and Marcia Snyder, were pencillers as well. Both stayed in the industry long after the Binder shop closed in 1943, Brewster going on to spend almost two decades with the Iger-Roche shop...”

    At the Sequential Tart site, Murphy Anderson was interviewed by Laurie J. Anderson. He recalled working at the publisher Fiction House, “When I started there they were all ladies, practically. There were only two or three males in there.”

    ST: What were the ladies doing? Comic books?
    MA: Oh yeah, oh yeah. There was Fran Hopper, she did a number of adventure stories for Planet Comics and all over. Lilly Renée who did their lead feature for Planet Comics. Oh, Ruth McCully was a letterer. Ruth Atkinson was an artist who worked there. Her brother happened to be a very prominent jockey; he was one of the top jockeys in the country at the time. And Marcia Snyder, she did a very heavy adventure-type of material.
    Five pages of Snyder’s original art for Ranger Comics (Fiction House) can be viewed at Heritage Auctions.

    In Alter Ego #11, November 2001, Jim Amash interviewed Vince Fago who was an artist, writer, and third editor-in-chief of Timely Comics. In 1943, Timely moved from the McGraw-Hill building to the Empire State Building. Amash asked about the move. Fago explained what happened and added, “Later, for $90 a week, I hired Marcia Snyder, an artist who had done newspaper strips. She dressed like a man and lived in Greenwich Village with a girlfriend named Mickey. I never thought about her being a lesbian; I didn’t care….” Amash interviewed artist Dave Gantz who shared a bullpen photograph that included Chris Rule, Barbara Clark Vogel, Gantz, Snyder, Mike Sekowsky and Ed Winiarski. The photograph was taken at the Empire State Building and published in Alter Ego #13, March 2002. Some of Snyder’s comic book credits are at the Grand Comics Database.

    Snyder’s father passed away January 13, 1943 in Kalamazoo.

    In the 1946 Manhattan telephone directory on page 1150, Snyder was a commercial artist who resided at 64 West 9th Street.

    Women and the Comics said Snyder assisted Alfred Andriola on the comic strip, Kerry Drake, which was distributed by Publishers Syndicate. The strip began October 4, 1943. It’s not known when Snyder started assisting Andriola or how long she worked with him.

    The East Hampton Star, July 31, 1947, noted Snyder’s visit with her brother in Amagansett, “Miss Marcia Snyder of New York City was entertained last week-end by Mr. and Mrs. David Snyder. Miss Snyder is a commercial artist and works with syndicates in the metropolitan area.” Snyder’s visit to Amagansett was noted in the East Hampton Star, June 2, 1949: “Miss Marcia Snyder of New York, sister of David U. Snyder, with a party of friends, spent the week-end at the Windmill.”

    The 1960 Manhattan directory said Snyder still resided at 64 West 9th Street. It’s not known when she moved to Florida.

    Snyder passed away February 27, 1976, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, according to her death certificate.

    (Next post on Monday: Doctor Doletter)

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  • 01/22/18--05:00: Lettering: Doctor Doletter

  • Inland Printer, April 1914

    New York Press, March 8, 1914

    New York Press, March 15, 1914

    New York Press, March 22, 1914

    New York Press, March 29, 1914

    New York Press, April 12, 1914

    New York Press, May 31, 1914

    Something to Do, September 1916

    Something to Do, October 1916

    Something to Do, November 1916

    Judge, January 14, 1922

    (Next post on Monday: Herb Lubalin, School Days)

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  • 01/29/18--05:00: School Days: Herb Lubalin

  • Herbert Fredrick “Herb” Lubalin was born on March 17, 1918, in Manhattan, New York, New York, according to the New York, New York Birth Index at Lubalin’s Social Security application, transcribed at, said his parents were Joseph Lubalin and Rose Jospe.

    In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Joseph resided in Manhattan at 58 East 98th Street. The head of the household was his brother-in-law, Aaron Siegel, who was married to Yetta, and had three children. Joseph was a freelance musician and Russian emigrant who came to American in 1904. Rose was a native New Yorker who lived with her parents, and was the fourth of five siblings. Rose was a bookkeeper at a printing company. The family lived at 19 East 108 Street.

    The New York, New York Marriage index, at, said Joseph and Rose married on June 9, 1914 in Manhattan.

    Joseph signed his World War I draft card on June 5, 1917. His address was 25 West 110th Street in Manhattan. Joseph was a musician at the Rialto Theater, at 42nd Street and 7th Avenue.

    Brooklyn Daily Eagle, March 30, 1919

    News of Lubalin’s birth was published in the New York Tribune, March 19, 1918: “Lubalin—Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Lubalin (nee Rose Jospe), 132 West 121st st., announce the birth of twin sons on March 17th.”

    The 1920 census recorded the Lubalin family in the Bronx at 1135 Forest Avenue. Also in the household was Rose’s older sister, Emilie Jospe.

    The Lubalins and Emilie were counted at 307 [Beach] 47th Street in Arverne, Queens County, New York in the 1930 census.

    Excerpts from Herb Lubalin: Art Director, Graphic Designer and Typographer (1985).
    ...Lubalin…was…the younger of fraternal twin boys…

    …His early interest in art was encouraged, although he was colorblind, as was his twin. Figures he drew with crayon had startling purple hair.

    …Herbert was a good art student in high school, despite his inability to draw recognizable images. His teacher encouraged his feelings for design and lettering, knowing one can develop as an artist without relying on drawing accurately.

    Further schooling in art was accidental. To have an art career wasn’t in Herb’s original plan, although, typically, he expressed no thought for a future….But Herb’s high school academic standing was so low he wasn’t accepted by the tuition-free College of the City of New York, where his twin was enrolled.
    The Wave (Rockaway Beach, New York), June 27, 1935, published the names of the Far Rockaway High School graduates which included Herb and Irwin Lubalin.

    Excerpts from Herb Lubalin: Art Director, Graphic Designer and Typographer (1985).
    What happens when a poor kid with bad grades can’t afford to go to a regular college? He applies to a free art school.

    In 1935, Herb passed the entrance exam (“mostly in the form of an intelligence test“) to the prestigious Cooper Union. “I was 64th out of 64 applicants.”

    …“For the first two years, I was the worst student in the school. In the last two years, I was about the best.”

    The turning point was a class in calligraphy. The angle of the flat pen point used in calligraphy prescribes that the art be done with the right hand. Herb drew with his left hand. The instructor told Herb he’d have to learn to use his right hand on the assignment.

    “I didn’t tell her I wrote with my right hand. Since calligraphy really is handwriting, it was easy for me. I got the highest mark in the class, not because I was the best, but because the teacher felt I’d overcome a great handicap.

    “I guess this gave me confidence, because from that time on, I did very well.”
    The Wave, November 24, 1938, reported this item:
    Miss Isabel Bisgyer of Ocean Crest Boulevard will celebrate her birthday on Sunday. Tomorrow friends will take her to see “Hamlet,” and later will treat her to dinner In the Hotel Pennsylvania. In the party are Miss Rues Diamond, Morton Friedlieb, Eugene Hammer, Herbert Lubalin and others.

    Lubalin attended Cooper Union and graduated in 1939. The Long Island Daily Press (Jamaica, New York), June 6, 1939, said he received an Advertising Design Certificate.

    Also in the Class of 1939 were designer Lou Dorfsman and cartoonist Mel Tapley. Pictured in the 1939 yearbook were calligrapher and illustrator Jeanyee Wong, Class of 1941, and illustrator Roy Krenkel.

    Sylvia Kushner
    Sylvia Kushner, of the surprised look and unique coiffeur, is a shining example of industriousness and a gal with with a delightful sense of humor. A four year honor student, her real forte is dress designing and draping, in which her originality and creativeness have been successful in acquiring satisfied customers. Besides her work, Sylvia has had one other factor on her mind these past four years…but why tell tales outside of class? 
    Herbert Lubalin
    Herbert Lubalin is another shining light of the class of ’39. His wit and “creativeness” are, unfortunately, often censored. Baseball, ping pong, basketball, and penny-ante have been Herb’s extra-curricular activities at Cooper, not to mention his greatest talent, “tall stories.” In 1937 Herb received the medal given for general excellence in all subjects and hasn’t let up the least bit in upholding this distinction. Last summer Herbie ran a day camp for children in his native Far Rockaway. He has an especial affinity for kids, kittens, ketchup, other such sentimentalizes beginning with “K.”
    Louis Dorfsman
    Louis Dorfsman left Day School in the middle of his third year to go to work in the commercial art field. Starting at the Trans-Lux Theatres, he is now designing exhibition booths and window displays for the Display Guild. A tall guy with one of those grins that the gals eat up (a brunette anyway?). “Shlep,” as he is quaintly called by his chums, is an ace drummer and managed to keep busy between club dates and just dates.
    Louis Dorfsman
    Sylvia Kushner and Herbert Lubalin

    Lubalin’s father passed away July 1939 and was laid to rest at Montefiore Cemetery.

    Advertising Age, June 1, 1981, said, “Mr. Lubalin’s first graphic design job following college was with the New York World’s Fair at $8 per week. Upon requesting a pay hike of of $2, he was fired. He free lanced for a year and then worked for a number of small advertising agencies and Fairchild Publications.”

    According to the 1940 census, Lubalin, his mother and brother were residents of Woodmere in Hempstead Township, Nassau County, New York. The trio lived on Woodmere Boulevard in Apartment 5J. Lubalin was a self-employed commercial artist.

    Excerpts from Herb Lubalin: Art Director, Graphic Designer and Typographer (1985).
    …He had entered Cooper Union unaware of two impending romances that would change his life. One lasted three decades, the other, until his death.

    The first big excitement was to meet a classmate, the petite and beautiful Sylvia Kushner. Four years later, the two artists were married, after they had been graduated, Herbert with the Student’s Medal for General Excellence….

    …Herb and Sylvia had three sons and 32 years together….
    The New York, New York, Marriage License Index said Lubalin and Sylvia Kushner obtained a marriage license on October 2, 1940 in Brooklyn.

    Excerpt from Herb Lubalin: Art Director, Graphic Designer and Typographer (1985).
    …In 1945, Lubalin became art director at Sudler & Hennessey, a studio specializing in pharmaceutical ads and promotions. He worked with a bullpen of 20 illustrators, photographers, comp people, letterers and retouchers who followed through from Lubalin tissues—tissues on which the Lubalin legend began….

    Related Posts

    Herb Lubalin, Part 1
    Herb Lubalin, Part 2
    Herb Lubalin, Part 3
    Herb Lubalin, Part 4
    Herb Lubalin, Part 5
    Herb Lubalin, Part 6
    Herb Lubalin, Part 7
    Herb Lubalin, Part 8
    Herb Lubalin, Part 9

    (Next post on Monday: )

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    American Artist, November 1942

    American Artist, January 1943

    American Artist, September 1943

    American Artist, October 1943

    American Artist, November 1943

    American Artist, January 1944

    American Artist, March 1944

    American Artist, October 1944

    American Artist, March 1945

    American Artist, May 1945

    American Artist, February 1946

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    Gordon & George, Speedball Pen Inventors

    (Next post on Monday)

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    The Design Association of the Republic of China
    Taipei Gallery
    McGraw-Hill Building, New York City
    July 17 – August 28, 1998

    (Next post on Monday)

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    According to Who’s Who of American of Comic Books 1928–1999, Al Stahl used the pen name, Bruce Baker. But there really was a comic book artist named Bruce Baker.

    Bruce Edward Baker was born on March 20, 1916, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, according to Baker’s Social Security application which was transcribed at His parents were Olin J. Baker and Margaret E. Thompson.

    When Baker’s father, a self-employed photographic supplier and New York native, signed his World War I draft card on June 5, 1917, the family of three lived in Grand Rapids at 1416 Sherman Street. The same address was recorded in the 1920 U.S. Federal Census.

    In the 1930 census, Baker and his parents, both photographers, remained in Grand Rapids but at a different address, 542 Livingston.

    Baker attended Central High School and was in the class of 1935. He was on the art staff of the school yearbook, Helios, in 1934 and 1935.

    The 1940 census recorded Baker, a student, in Brooklyn, New York at 11a South Portland Street. Baker was staying with his cousin Walter Homiak and his two sisters, Anna and Mildred. Baker was studying at Pratt Institute. In the 1940 Prattonia yearbook, Baker was in Pictorial Illustration at the School of Fine and Applied Arts (see page 45).

    During World War II, Baker enlisted in the army on May 27, 1943. He was discharged December 24, 1945.

    Baker’s comic book connection was revealed in the Utica Daily Press (New York), April 3, 1946.

    Last Rhoadsman Appears Friday
    Final issue of the Mohawk Rhoadsman semi-monthly publication at Rhoads General Hospital, will appear Friday, it was revealed yesterday by Col. A J. Canning, commanding officer. The magazine is being discontinued due to the lack of personnel experienced in publishing a magazine.

    Originally named Cross Rhoads at its inception in September, 1943, just after the first patients arrived at Rhoads, the magazine was discontinued in May of 1944 in order to help alleviate the paper shortage. It was published under its present name from May, 1945, until now.

    Among the reporters, photographers and artists who worked for The Mohawk Rhoadsman were: T 3 Vic Tampon, former New York Times cameraman, now working for Vogue: T 5 Bruce Baker, comic book artist; Signal Corps photographer Cpl. Joe Petak, survivor of the death march from Batan [sic]; T 5 Ed Robbins, former Hollywood photographer; T 4 Bill Cloonan, industrial publications writer, and S. Sgt. Bill Casey, newspaper reporter and rewrite man.

    There were at least nine comic book stories signed “Bruce Baker”.

    Ding Dong #1, 1946; Doodle Doo and Doodle Dee

    Ding Dong #3, 1946; Sally Salt and Peter Pepper

    Frisky Fables, v2 #11 [14], February 1947; Lee O’Lion

    Frisky Fables, v3 #4 [19], July 1947; Lee O’Lion

    Frisky Fables, v3 #7 [22], October 1947; Lee O’Lion

    Frisky Fables, v3 #10 [25], January 1948; Lee O’Lion

    Frisky Fables, v3 #11 [26], February 1948; Lee O’Lion

    Frisky Fables, #43, October 1950; The Mad Artist

    Other work by Baker has not been found. He may have gone into animation or commercial art.

    The Social Security Death Index said Baker passed away November 7, 1987, in Miami, Florida. He was laid to rest at Fred Hunter's Hollywood Memorial Gardens East.

    Further Reading
    Profile of Al Stahl

    (Next post on Monday)

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  • 02/26/18--05:00: Comics: Ed Winiarski, Artist

  • Edward C. “Ed” Winiarski was born on May 6, 1911, in Niagara Falls, New York. The birth date is from the Social Security Death Index, and the birthplace is based on census records. New York County Marriages, at, said Winiarski’s parents were Julian Winiarski and Carolina Wasiewicz.

    In the 1915 New York state census, Winiarski was the fourth of five children. He had three older brothers and a younger sister. Their father had a hardware business. The family resided in Niagara Falls at 1228 East Falls. The Winiarskis have not yet been found in the 1920 U.S. Federal Census. The Winiarskis were at 
    1220 East Falls in the 1925 state census.

    Winiarski’s drawing was featured in the Buffalo Express, November 15, 1925.

    The listings in the 1929 Niagara Falls city directory said Winiarski’s father passed away March 2, 1929. The Winiarski Hardware Company was operated by Winiarski’s brother, Theofil. Winiarski was a student.

    According to the 1930 census, the Winiarski family was at the same address. Winiarski’s parents were identified as Polish emigrants.

    Winiarski graduated from Niagara Falls High School. The 1931 yearbook, Niagarian, included several illustrations by Winiarski, who was an art editor on The Chronicle, a bi-monthly school publication. Winiarski did not have a senior photograph in the 1931 Niagarian.

    Winiarski continued his education at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, June 8, 1934, reported the graduation at Pratt. Winiarski was in the School of Fine and Applied Arts’ Pictorial Illustration class. Two of his classmates were Lorence Bjorklund and Monroe Eisenberg, both future comic book artists.

    The New York City, Marriage License Indexes, at, recorded two people, Edward Winiarski and Rose A. Poida, who obtained a license in Manhattan on April 10, 1937. It’s not clear if the man is the same person of this profile.

    Several sources said Winiarski worked in animation. Evidence of such work has not been cited. Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999 said Winiarski began working in comic books in the late 1930s. Winiarski produced art for National Comics and some of the stories were signed with the pseudonym, Fran Miller, which was the maiden name of his wife.

    The Schenectady Gazette (New York), June 22, 1939, noted the marriage of Winiarski.

    Winnearski [sic]-Miller
    Announcement has been made of the marriage of Miss Frances Anna Miller of Plainville, Conn., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. B. D. Miller of Myron street, to Edward Winnearskl of Brooklyn, on Friday in the Plainville Congregational Church. Miss Margaret Miller of this city was her sister’s only attendant. Both Mr. and Mrs. Winnearskl are graduates of Pratt Institute.

    Winiarski and Frances graduated in 1934. Frances was in Teacher Training in Fine and Applied Arts department. Frances was born and raised in Schenectady, New York. Her parents were Bruce and Rosa. Frances graduated high school in 1931. After graduating Pratt, Frances moved to “Bronxville, to be an arts and crafts teacher in Brantwood Hall, a boarding school”, according to the Gazette, September 25, 1934.

    1931 Shucis

    In the 1940 census, Winiarski resided in Brooklyn at 400 Washington Avenue. His occupation was “fine artist” for a “magazine company”. Frances was not recorded with him. Her whereabouts is not known at this time.

    Winiarski’s mother passed away in 1942.

    Winiarski also worked for Timely Comics, from the early 1940s to the late 1950s. On August 14, 1942, a photograph of some of the Timely and Funnies Incorporated staffs was taken at the Hotel Astor. In the detail of the photograph below, from front to back, are Syd Shores, Winiarski with glasses, George Klein and Martin Goodman.

    Alter Ego #13, March 2002, published Jim Amash’s interview with Dave Gantz who provided a photograph of the Timely bullpen at the Empire State Building. Pictured were Chris Rule, Barbara Clark Vogel, Gantz, Marcia Snyder, Mike Sekowsky and Winiarski. The photograph was taken in 1943 or later. Many of Winiarski’s credits are at the Grand Comics Database.

    Winiarski’s caricature of Timely publisher, Martin Goodman, was reprinted in The Secret History of Marvel Comics: Jack Kirby and the Moonlighting Artists at Martin Goodman’s Empire (2013) on page 89. Winiarski’s self-caricature, from Krazy Komics #7, April 1943, can be viewed at Timely-Atlas-Comics.

    The Gazette, January 15, 1945, noted the visit to Winiarski’s in-laws, “Mr. and Mrs. Edward Winiarski of Brooklyn with their son, Bruce Edward, are visiting Mrs. Winiarski’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Bruce D. Miller of 1436 Myron street.”

    At some point Winiarski moved to Queens Village, New York. The Gazette, November 19, 1968, reported the election of Winiarski’s wife as president of the New York State Association of Teachers of Mentally Handicapped. She was one of the founders of the organization. The article also mentioned she was a Queens Village resident, mother of two sons, and teacher of art and elementary school classes.

    The Gazette, December 25, 1972, reported the passing of Frances’s father and said, “Survivors include his wife, Mrs. Rosa Lasher Miller; two daughters, Mrs. Margaret Cozine of Scotia, and Mrs. Frances A. Winiarski of Queens Village, L.I., and four grandchildren.” Her mother passed away in September 1975.

    Winiarski passed away December 24, 1975, in Queens, New York. The date of his death was found at the genealogy site, Geni. The Social Security Death Index said Winiarski’s last residence was Jamaica, Queens County, New York. According to Frances’s second husband and childhood boyfriend, Waldo Arthur Runner, Winiarski suffered “a severe cardiac condition”. Winiarski was laid to rest at Clovesville Cemetery, the same cemetery as Frances’s parents.

    Frances passed away November 26, 2007, in New Bern, North Carolina. Runner wrote the obituary that was published in the Sun Journal, November 27, 2007. Frances was laid to rest with Winiarski. 

    (Next post on Monday)

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    Harper’s Weekly, January 6, 1883

    (Next post on Monday)

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    Graham’s Magazine
    November 1841

    (Next post on Monday)

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    New York, New York, Birth Index, 1910-1965
    Name: William H Graham
    Birth Date: July 1, 1935
    Birth Place: Bronx, New York City, New York

    1940 United States Federal Census

    255 West 144th Street, New York, New York 
    Name / Age
    Ernest Graham, 43 [born in North Carolina; barber]
    Irene Graham, 40 [born in North Carolina]
    William Graham, 4 [born in New York]
    (In the 1940 census there were several young boys named William Graham but only one was black; he and his parents are listed above.)

    High School of Music & Art
    New York City
    Class of 1953

    Further Reading

    Grand Comics Database
    The New York Times
    Who’s Who of American Comic Books, 1929–1999

    An Incomplete List of Billy Graham in the New York Amsterdam News

    November 12, 1977
    page D14: 21 Brands, Inc. Congratulates the Nominees for the 5th Annual Audelco Recognition Awards [Audience Development Committee]
    Nominees for Scenic Designer
    Billy Graham “Sweet Talk”

    October 7, 1978
    page D12: Arts Calendar
    LET’S STOP AND HAVE A HAMBURGER—Reading of a play for film by Billy Graham. Frank Silvera Writers’ Work­shop, 317 W 125 St, NYC. 662-8463. Mon Oct 9, 7:30 pm. (Contrib)

    March 3, 1979
    page 45: Arts Listings
    Let’s Stop and Have a Hamburger—Reading of a play by Billy Graham. Frank Silvera Writers’ Work­shop, 317 W 125 St, NYC. 662-8463-69. Sat Mar 3, 3 pm. (Donation)

    July 26, 1980
    page 27: About The Arts: ‘Street Magician’ Special reading at N.Y. Public
    By Mel Tapley
    Billy Graham—the artist and playwright, not the evangelist—is excited about the special reading of his play, “The Street Magician,” which will be held July 28, 7:30 p.m., at the N,Y. Shakespeare Festival Public Theatre, 425 Lafayette St. Not only is the The Public Theatre’s Playwrights Workshop, which is coordinated and directed by winning playwright Ed Bullins, sponsoring the reading, but some of theatre’s topnotch  actors, Richard Gant, Elaine Graham, Clebert Ford, Rosanna Carter, Dianne Kirksey and Janice Jenkins will be participating.

    August 16, 1980
    page 48: Janice Jenkins, spellbinding in ‘Street Magician’
    There was a reading recently at the New York Shakespeare Festival Public Theater, arranged by playwright Ed Bullins, director/coordinator of the Writers’ Workshop, for the {day, “The Street Ma­gician,” written by Billy Graham. “The Street Ma­gician (‘Let’s Stop And Have A Hamburger’)”—such an innocent tag, is a tale of “mystery and the macabre.” The story fo­cusses [sic] on a modern day Black family whose mother, ‘Gwen’, is the great granddaughter of the famed voodoo queen, Marie Laveau (who, according to Graham, may still be living in New Or­ leans). The play is about a magic war that’s been going on since the 1860’s between Marie Laveau and her nemesis/successor, Rosalee Douglass.

    The pace of the play is interesting indeed and the business is fast and smooth but gets a little slower indicating you’re in “another time.” As soon as you realize it, the pace quickens again.

    The dialog is humorous, fast-paced and a bit in the comic book style which comes from Mr. Graham’s long-term association with Marvel Comic books. You see, Billy created the first Black super hero “Luke Cage (Powerman) Hero For Hire.” His writing style comes through in the play with exaggerated exclamations, actors cutting off one another’s lines with excitements, realizations and confusions. It works! It also gives the play bits of needed humor and lightens the thick air of “mystique” created in the writing.

    ...Playwright/actor/artist Billy Graham, selected some of New York’s top Black (and white) actors who were excellent in their creation of his characters. “The Street Magician” (‘Let’s Stop And Have A Hamburger’) is presently being looked at by several Off Broadway producers and chances are it will undoubtedly be produced, probably by this fall. It will definitely be something to experience and not to be missed.

    March 7, 1981
    page 40: Movies beckon Billy Graham
    Playwright/Actor/Artist, Billy Graham is taking a break from working on his soon-to-be produced stage play “The Stage Magician.”

    Since the play’s special re-reading in January for theatrical producers Woodie King, Jr., and Steve Tennen of Henry Street Settlement. Graham, busy sketching and designing the special sets and ironing out technical details, has been approached by several motion picture companies to write screenplays. One of them the Raft Theatre Ltd. Co., has offered Graham a play script to read prior to the possibility of his re-scripting it for the screen.

    However, the playwright is being careful in his selections, although he is considering acquiring the right to a popular novel for adaptation to the screen on the life of an internationally known celebrity.

    "I am very much aware,” says Graham, “that if this project is launched and proves successful, it’ll provide many much needed jobs in|the coming video revolution. Videotaping is in vogue now and many sources of its use has yet to be tapped.”

    May 23, 1981
    page 34: Richard Pryor is ‘Bustin’ Loose’ with laughs
    (Billy Graham movie review)

    June 13, 1981
    page 30: Mad Mel Brooks dishes out corn ill-bred
    (Billy Graham movie review of “History of the World—Part 1”)

    page 31: ‘Fan’: Gory, suspense thriller
    (Billy Graham movie review of “The Fan”)

    June 20, 1981
    page 32: Paramount gets ‘Evita’ world wide film rights

    August 22, 1981
    page 28: Flick on U.S. nine wise men
    (Billy Graham movie review of “First Monday in October”)

    October 3, 1981
    page 37: ‘Carbon Copy’: Denzel Washington imprint
    (Billy Graham movie review)

    October 17, 1981
    page 38: Silvera Writers Workshop opens season
    By Billy Graham

    October 24, 1981
    page 30: Billy Graham scripts the Adam
    On Monday evening, October 26th, at 7:30 p.m., the Frank Silvera Writers’ Workshop will be presenting the first public reading of the new drama, “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” by playwright/actor/artist/movie reviewer Billy Graham.

    The play deals with the 1967 special elect committee of the House of Representatives and their investigations on the matter of denying Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. his seat in the 90th Congress as well as denial of his right to represent the people of his New York and Harlem district. Powell had been charged with misappropriating the funds of his committee on Education and Labor and retaining his estranged wife Yvette Diago Powell on the Congressional payroll while she was in Puerto Rico instead of performing her duties in Washington, D.C.

    Powell’s problems exploded through the headlines when he called a Harlem widow a “bag lady” and she sued him.

    The play is based on official Congressional records and articles published in various national and world-wide magazines as well as information gathered from the book “The Powell Affair, Freedom Minus One” by Andy Jacobs.

    The reading of this play with an outstanding cast will be directed by Charles Turner. Admission is free at the workshop’s 3rd floor loft, 317 West 125th St.

    For further information, call 662-8463/9.

    November 21, 1981
    page 28: The Pepsi Community Bulletin Board.
    Nov. 22
    B. G. Enterprises presents the cabarette comedy, “Don’t Step On My Foots,” by Billy Graham, 1 W. 125th St.

    page 31: photograph
    Nefretete Rasheed may be smiling because she’s the only girl in Billy Graham’s cabarette comedy, “Don’t Step On Mah Foots,” Sun, Nov. 22 4 p.m. and 8 p.m., at One West 125th St. (Poppa Charles’), in the Cabarette Disco Theatre. Starring with the singer-actress are Charles Kashi and Allen Taylor.

    December 12, 1981
    page 34: ‘Reds’: Colorful, passionate story about American communism
    (Billy Graham movie review)

    December 25, 1981
    page 27: ‘Pennies From Heaven’ is pure gold entertainment
    (Billy Graham movie review)

    March 27, 1982
    page 26: Chuck Norris battles in ‘Silent Rage’
    (Billy Graham movie review)

    August 14, 1982
    page 41: Chemical Bank Applauds Audelco 
    Nominees for the 10th Annual Recognition Awards 1981–82 Season
    Nominees for Scenic Designer
    Billy Graham/Yasmin Dixon/Hermon Futrell for Tut-Ankh-Amen, the Boy King
    Audience Development Committee

    November 27, 1982
    page 29: AUDELCO: Ten years of applauding Black Theatre
    When the first Audelco Awards for Excellence in Black Theatre were presented back in 1973 in the small space of the Afro-American Studio for Acting and Speech before an audience of less than 100 people, the purpose was two-fold—to pay tribute to those theatre a artists who had informed, entertained, motivated, provoked and wowed audiences during the 1972–73 theatre season and to provide an opportunity for the gathering of the black theatre clan in an atmosphere of family reunion-like fellowship. Though the attendance at the 18982 Audelco Awards celebration was over 700 people and the space is now the much more spacious Aaron Davis Hall at City College, that purpose has remained the same over the past ten years.

    Co-hosts Susan Taylor, editor-in-chief of Essence Magazine and Glynn Turman, a former Audelco Award winner who’s now starring in the drama, “Do Lord Remember Me”, at the American Place Theatre, led the packed house of theatre artists and supporters from the communications, corporate and club world in applauding this year’s winners.. Among those making the excited run to the stage to receive their coveted awards were…Billy Graham, Yasmin Dixon, Hermon Futrell and Wynn Thomas (Tie/Scenic Designer for “Tut-Ankh-Amen, the Boy King” and “Abercrombie Apocalupse” respectively)

    National Scene Magazine Supplement
    January 1983
    (insert; New York Amsterdam News, January 22, 1983)
    page 22: AUDELCO Celebrates 10th Year
    ...Billy Graham/Yasmin Dixon/Hermon Futrell won for scenic design in “Tut-Ankh-Amen, The Boy King.”

    January 22, 1983
    page 23: 2-column advertisement
    “The Breaking by Jacqui Singleton”
    set designer, Billy Graham, 1982

    January 29, 1983
    page 26: 2-column advertisement
    “The Breaking by Jacqui Singleton”
    set designer, Billy Graham, 1982

    February 5, 1983
    page 28: 2-column advertisement
    “The Breaking by Jacqui Singleton”
    set designer, Billy Graham, 1982

    March 5, 1983
    page 34: May–December tale told on a splendid set
    review of “The Breaking by Jacqui Singleton”
    …A special salute to set designer Billy Graham, winner of an AUDELCO award last season for his work on Tutankhamon…

    March 12, 1983
    page 35: 3-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    March 19, 1983
    page 11: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    March 26, 1983
    page 26: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    April 2, 1983
    page 29: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    April 9, 1983
    page 29: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    September 10, 1983
    page 25: Silvera’s Open House
    The Frank Silvera Writers Workshop announces their eleventh annual open house to start off their fall season. Workshop members, poets, writers, artists and friends are welcomed to 317 West 125th Street, Monday Sept. 12th at 7:30.

    …As further part of the AUDELCO Black Theatre Festival, last seasons “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell Jr.” will be performed at City College. It will open Sept. 30th, Oct. 1st and 2nd at the Aranow Theatre 138th St. and Convent Ave.

    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell Jr.” written by Billy Graham, focuses on the explosive political events of the 1967 House-select committee censure of Harlem’s most famous Congressman, the play nominated for five AUDELCO Awards for best lead actor, best supporting actor, best production, best playwright and best sound design. For more info, call FSWW at 662-8463….

    September 17, 1983
    page 24: AUDELCO’s 2nd annual Black Theatre Festival
    The 2nd Annual Audelco Black Theatre Festival will take place for four consecutive weekends starting Friday, September 23 and closing Sunday, October 16th at CCNY’s Aronow Hall (136th St. & Convent Ave.). According to Vivian Robinson, AUDELCO executive director, it will be a month-long tribute to Black wit, imagery and the Black form expression and will serve as a showcase for outstanding productions of the season.

    …“The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” by Billy Graham, opens Friday, September 30 and is scheduled for Saturday, October 1 and Sunday, Oct. 2. “TRIAL,” directed by Dianne Kirksey, features Timothy Simonson as the legendary Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

    September 24, 1983
    page 20: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”
    By Billy Graham

    October 1, 1983
    page 28: photograph caption
    ADAM AND MRS. — At AUDELCO Festival, opening Sept. 30, will be Mizan Nunes as Mrs. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. and Timothy Simonson as Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. in ‘The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., by Billy Graham. (Bert Andrews Photo)

    page 32: Audelco Festival
    The award-winning “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” by Billy Graham, a Frank Silvera Writers’ Workshop production presented as part of the Audelco 2nd Annual Black Theatre Festival, will open on Friday, September 30th and run through Sunday, October 2nd at the  newly-built 418-seat Aronow Theatre on the City College Campus at 136th Street and Convent Ave. Performances are scheduled Friday and Saturday at 7:30 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m.

    October 22, 1983
    page 23: two photographs of cast members
    DYNAMIC DEFENSE: Christine Campbell appears as Adam Clayton Powell’s attorney while Timothy Simonson has the title role in “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” by Billy Graham, who also designed the sets, Woodie King, Jr. is presenting the Frank Silvera Writers Workshop production for a limited engagement which plays Thursday through Sunday evenings at 7:30 p.m., with matinee performances on Sundays at 3 p.m. (Bert Andrews Photos)

    AFFECTIONATE ADAM: Eldon Bullock, Mizan Nunes, and Timothy Simonson in a scene from “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” which opened a limited engagement at the Henry Street Settlement’s New Federal Theatre, 466 Grand Street, on Thursday evening, October 20, at 7:30 p.m. Written by Billy Graham and directed by Dianne Kirksey, the play focuses on the 1967 Special Select Committee’s investigation into Congressman Powell’s affairs. The setting is being designed by the playwright; the lighting is by Zebedee Collins and the costumes are by Karen Perry.

    At New Federal
    Billy Graham pens powerful drama on Adam Powell
    review of “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”

    …The production has been skillfully researched and written by a young Black playwright, Billy Graham…

    page 28: 2-column advertisement
    Red Ant Way presents a Benefit Party
    Sunday, Oct. 23rd—7 p.m. to 12 Midnight
    at Jazzmania
    Featuring…& playwright Billy Graham…

    page 29: 2-column advertisement
    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.”

    October 29, 1983
    page 27: Theatre briefs
    …“The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” on stage at the Henry Dejur Theater at the Henry Street Playhouse in the Village. It was written by Billy Graham…

    November 26, 1983
    page 27: Billy Graham has new drama-mystery
    Prolific playwright/artist Billy Graham presents a new mystery drama, “Waiting for Joyce Miller,” a work-in-progress reading, featuring Dianne Kirksey and Jerome Preston Bates with Betty Vaughn and Mark Kaplan, at PSW Studios, 243 W. 55th St., Mon., Nov. 28, 7:30 p.m. There’s a $3 admission.

    “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell Jr.,” Graham’s powerful drama on Harlem’s dynamic congressman/preacher leaves the New Federal Theatre for a nationwide tour. Its first stop will be Washington, D.C.

    page 31: Jazzmania special
    Red-Ant-Way Cabaret will feature Peter J. Fernandez, S. Epatha Merkerson, Ruddy Garner, Harbert Rawlings, Billy Graham, Timothy Graphenreed, staged by Susan Watson, at Jazzmania, 40 W. 27th St., on Sun., Dec. 4, 6 p.m. to 12. Info: 857-1539.

    December 3, 1983
    page 28: 2-column advertisement
    Red Ant Way presents a Benefit Party
    Sunday, Oct. 23rd—7 p.m. to 12 Midnight
    at Jazzmania
    Featuring…& playwright Billy Graham…

    January 14, 1984
    page 26: photograph
    PARTY SCENE—Playwright/artist Billy Graham was the guest of Essence Magazine’s charming Health Guide editor, Jean Perry, at the Magazine’s New Year’s Eve party at JoAnna’s disco/supper club. Graham is currently researching for a project on the upcoming celebration of Martin Luther King’s birthday. (Bert Andrews Photo)

    January 12, 1985

    (Artist, cartoonist and writer Mel Tapley is profiled here.)

    February 9, 1985
    page 24: advertisement
    Theatre in Progress presents
    The Dreams of Dr. King and the Memphis Mission

    May 4, 1985
    page 32: Fire destroys current home of Theatre In Progress
    By Billy Graham

    page 47: Billy Graham honored in two cities
    Harlem playwright/actor/director Billy Graham has been busy working on a new stage play entitled, “King Spats and the Gorilla Brothers,” a musical comedy which will soon have its first public reading.

    His last play, “The Dreams of Dr. King” had a successful four-month extended run at Theatre In Progress, N.Y.C. and is now slated for an Off-Broadway theatre. Meanwhile, his Audelco Award-winning play, “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.” is presently being performed at The Bushfire Theatre, 2285 52nd Street, in Philadelphia, PA.

    On Saturday, May 11th, Graham will be honored for his outstanding achievements in the arts by “Hun-E” Enterprises, which will be celebrating its 19th anniversary and holding its Gold­ en Star Awards ceremony.

    An award will be presented to Graham by Rita Hunter, president of “Hun-E” Enterprises, in conjunction with the opening of her new off-off Broadway play, “Reach For The Stars”.

    May 25, 1985
    page 29: advertisement
    Chemical Bank Salutes…Winners All!
    A Cabaret Celebration
    A Galaxy of AUDELCO Award winners in a Spectacular Evening of Entertainment
    Billy Graham

    June 1, 1985
    page 23: advertisement
    Chemical Bank Salutes…Winners All!
    A Cabaret Celebration
    A Galaxy of AUDELCO Award winners in a Spectacular Evening of Entertainment
    Billy Graham

    May 17, 1986
    page 28: Billy Graham play re-opens Silvera
    Billy Graham playwright/actor/director, is producing again. This time his three-act, four-character mystery drama “Waiting for Joyce Miller” is currently being considered for production. It was first read Mon., Mar. 12th at the Frank Silvera Writers’ Workshop.

    Graham’s mood-melding theme of the play is based on the Grammy-award winning song “This Masquerade” (by George Benson) on infidelity, greed and mistrust between best friends and lovers. The play also touches on the Supreme Court’s ruling on abortion and asks the question, “is it a woman’s right or is it murder?”

    The reading cast consisted of Carol Mitchell Smith as Joyce Miller with Randy Frazier as her boyfriend and Cyrus Lee Simmons as the vagabond best friend. Betty Vaughn played the staunch mother with Gail Tishchoff as the narrator. Dianne Kirksey skillfully directed the piece before the packed audience....

    October 10, 1986
    page 29: Graham’s anti-Crack play
    Playwright-artist Billy Graham’s latest “Crack, the Ultimate High,” was applauded at PS 28, Tremont and Anthony Aves., Bronx, when it was read by a group of schoolchildren.

    Presented by Elvira Lebron, former candidate in the 77th A.D., the 30-minute drama tells about a mother and father whose son is on Crack.

    The surprise ending makes this a short play that is tailor-made for churches and community groups fighting the current threat by Crack to our community. For info., call 862-9095.

    July 4, 1987
    page 26: advertisement for Billy Graham’s “Don’t Step on Mah Foots”

    April 9, 1988
    page 23 c4: Billy Graham’s ’Just Say No’ wins award
    The name Billy Graham on television may mean Rev. Billy Graham, but in New York it is the name of a creative artist whose talents are unlimited, playwright-actor-artist Billy Graham.

    The latest product of his fertile imagination, “Just Say No” (to “Crack, the Ultimate High”) a play, has recently received a sizable cash award and a grant from the N.Y. State Division of Substance Abuse Services to tour throughout the N.Y. Board of Education’s Junior High Schools in the Manhattan, Bronx, Brooklyn and Queens area.

    Graham, a member of the Negro Ensemble Company’s writers’ workshop (1975–82) and a 1983 Audelco Award-nominated playwright for his “The Trial of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.,” wrote “Just Say No” specifically “to be aimed at school children, but I missed having it picked up for a touring grant by the N.Y.C. Dept. of Cultural Affairs’ Arts Connection last year,” says Billy.

    But Graham, a writing student of Pulitzer Prize winning playwright, Charles Fuller (“A Soldier’s Play”), was fortunate this year when he re-wrote a few lines then changed the title from “Crack; the Ultimate High,” to “Just Say No,” and was ultimately contacted through the networking of Karen Baxter and Pat White of the Frank Silvera Writers’ Workshop (of which Graham is a long-time member) by Ms. Toni Greene and Priscilla Chatman, of Diamond Cut Productions. They submitted Graham’s play, “Just Say No,” to the New York State Division of Substance Abuse.

    As a result, Diamond Cut Productions are now the executive producers of Billy Graham’s play and are currently scheduling performances in junior high schools while the actors are in rehearsals at the Drew Hamil­ ton Senior Citizens Community Center at 220 W. 143rd St.

    July 9, 1988
    page 26: Graham’s anti-drug play ‘Crack down on Crack’ for schools
    The Billy Graham Ensemble Company is forming a second touring troupe for another anti-drug play. Thus far, Graham’s first anti-drug play, entitles, “JUSt SAY NO,” has performed before over three-thousand school kids throughout N.Y. City.

    …Meanwhile, Graham is busily writing a screenplay entitled “LUCKY ACE,” a tongue-in- cheek action yarn concerning the fictional escapades of a high-living, Black, wealthy Vietnam veteran and Congressional Medal of Honor winner who has cliffhanging adventures after he’s recruited by the C.I.A. to help the U.S. government retrieve the world’s newest ‘Star Wars’ type hand-phaser-pistol before several subversive countries do.

    Graham has spoken to his friend Robert Townsend who expressed interest in the script which was originally planned to be sent to Eddie Murphy through Graham’s agents, Diamond Cut Production.

    For further information about auditioning for the playwright’s production company (B.G. Enterprises), and auditioning for “CRACK DOWN ON CRACK,” call (212) 907-4599, or 979-0808, or 862-9055.

    September 24, 1988
    page 30: Billy Graham’s anti-drug reading at NEC
    On Mon., Oct. 3rd, at the Negro Ensemble Company’s Theatre Four, at 424 W. 55th St., there will be a reading of playwright/Director Billy Graham’s latest stage play on drugs, “Crack Down on Crack.” There will also be a special reading of a “rappers” play on teenage pregnancy, “Pretty Special and the D.J.’s Rap,” a one-act dramatic musical-comedy.

    Both plays were written specifically to be performed before pre-teens and teenagers as well as adults and were designed—dramatically, through theater—to educate children in elementary, junior high and high schools about the perils of unsafe sex, drugs, and certain precautions to take against contracting AIDS.

    “Crack Down on Crack” and “Pretty Special and the D.J.’s Rap” will be presented by the playwright as an incentive to State Agencies in New York and Albany, such as the N.Y. State Division of Substance Abuse Services, the N.Y. State Department of Health, and Corporate Services, to sponsor and fund these “made-for-schools” dramas which will serve as educational training and teaching guides.

    Graham has also entered “Pretty Special and the D.J.’s  Rap” into the N.Y. Board of Health’s request for the “AIDS Educational Program” which is offering $50,000 to any non-profit community organization willing to reach out and provide basic information about AIDS to individuals (specifically ethnics, Blacks, Hispanics, Haitians) in high risk neighborhoods.

    The Dept. of Health has been soliciting proposals with the intent of selecting NPO’s with his educational dramas for community schools.

    For auditions for the Billy Graham Ensemble Acting Company, send photos and resumes to B.G. Enterprises, Theatrical & Film Productions, 115 W. 143rd St., NYC 10030.

    November 5, 1988
    page 29: Billy Graham’s 'Telebrain’ has Los Angeles buzzing
    Los Angeles, CA—Billy Graham, playwright/director/actor, with his entourage of actors, Billy Mitchell and Denise DuMaine, all from New York, breezed into Los Angeles, on October 22, like a tornado and captured everyone they came in contact with and virtually swept the town up in their effervescent wake.

    ...Graham’s “Telebrain,” was selected for the second annual competition held, by the Inner City Cultural Center, in Los Angeles. From the first moment the script for the play arrived at ICCC and was received by the competition’s coordinator, Barbara Barnes, it, as well as its creator, caused excited speculation when it was discovered that Graham’s play was one of the most unusual pieces included in this year’s competition.

    From over 2,000 pieces submitted, “Telebrain” not only made it into the first round of the judges decision, it also was selected to be re-performed in the second round of the competitive one-act plays—which are usually selected after several “weeks” of judging nearly a hundred other plays until only 25 have been chosen for the finals.

    Well, Graham’s “Telebrain” was selected for the 2nd round “before” the 1st round even began. By virtue of the writing and the story idea, this play is a hands down contender for the finals—which could earn the winning playwright a contract, as a writer, with Warner Brothers motion, pictures. Second prize is $1,000 and third prize is $500....

    (Next post on Monday)

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    Graham’s Magazine
    December 1841
    A Chapter on Autography

    Part 1

    (Next post on Monday)

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    Norman Steinberg was born on August 14, 1923, in New York, New York. The birth date is from his grave marker. His birthplace was determined from the census.

    In the 1925 New York state census, Steinberg and his parents, Irving and Henrietta, resided in the Bronx at 1696 Bathgate Avenue. Steinberg’s father was a Russian emigrant and salesman.

    The 1930 U.S. Federal Census recorded Steinberg, his parents and sister, Charlotte, as Bronx residents at 1729 Fulton Avenue. Steinberg’s father was a manager at “Sheffield”, possibly the milk company.

    Brooklyn was the home of the Steinberg family that included another daughter, Edna. They lived at 210 Roebling Street. Steinberg’s father was a retail candy salesman.

    Steinberg was eighteen years old when he enlisted in the Army. He was attached to Company C, 2638th Quartermaster Truck Battalion of the Quartermaster Corps according to his military interment record. Steinberg was discharged September 22, 1943.

    Joe Sinnott was interviewed in Alter Ego #26, July 2003. Sinnott, a student at the Cartoonists and Illustrators School (School of Visuals Arts), said

    …There was an another fellow at the school, Norman Steinberg, who drew horses extremely well. We started doing a lot of the movie western stories for Tom [Gill], who was doing this work for Dell Publications. Tom drew and inked the heads, so it’d look like his work.

    Tom was paying us very well, and I was on the G.I. Bill, so I’d been living on a shoestring before I started with him. Working for Tom was great because I was gaining experience. I was still attending school and worked for Tom at nights and weekends. Norman and I went over to Tom’s house on the weekends and worked….
    Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999 said Steinberg was associated with the Tom Gill’s studio and was a partner in a studio with Syd Shores and Mort Lawrence. Steinberg’s comic books credits began in 1951.

    Steinberg took his life on December 30, 1952. His suicide was reported in the Nassau Review-Star (Freeport, New York), December 31, 1952.
    Father Loses Race To Save Son’s Life
    A Seaford father lost a race against death yesterday when a Meadowbrook Hospital doctor pronounced his son “dead on arrival.”

    Norman Steinberg, 29-year-old comic book artist, died of carbon monoxide poisoning, the physician said.

    According to First Precinct, Police, Steinberg’s father, Irving, with whom he lived, discovered his son slumped over the wheel of his car parked in front of their home at 268 Wells [sic] Court at 7 A.M.

    Police say the father found a vacuum cleaner hose attached to pipe fumes from the exhaust pipe into the car. He raced to Meadowbrook, steering with his left hand and pumping his son’s arm with his right hand. He had hoped this motion would pump air into his son’s lungs until he got to the hospital.

    Police said the artist was broken-hearted over marriage difficulties.

    The name of Steinberg’s wife is not known. Steinberg was laid to rest at Long Island National Cemetery.

    (Next post on Monday)

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  • 04/09/18--05:00: Comics: Al Avison, Artist

  • Alfred Dean “Al” Avison was born on July 7, 1920, in Norwalk, Connecticut. The birth information is based on a transcription of Avison’s World War II draft card, at, which also had his full name. The birth date was the same at the Social Security Death Index.

    1920 United States Federal Census
    Home: Perry Street, Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut
    Name / Age / Occupation
    Geo A Avison, 34, illustrator
    Edith Dalton Avison, none
    Geo Marshall Avison, 10, student
    Mildred Leila Avison, 9, student
    Anna G Ireland, 35, housekeeper
    (census enumerated in January)

    1930 United States Federal Census
    Home: Riverview Drive RFD. Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut
    Name / Age / Occupation
    George Avison, 44, illustrator
    Edith D Avison, 45, none
    G Marshall Avison, 21, none
    Mildred L Avison, 19, none
    Alfred D Avison, 9, none

    Stamford Advocate
    May 10, 1937

    Merrill Business Schools Conduct Festival, Friday
    More than 300 students and guests attended the May Night Festival given by the faculty and pupils of the Merrill Business Schools at Hubbards Heights Club on Friday evening…

    Guests and Merrill students from New York, Greenwich, Port Chester, Stamford, New Canaan, Ridgefield, the Norwalks, Darien and Wilton attended….
    Avison was among the attendees.

    New York Sun
    June 13, 1938

    Prizes Awarded at Pratt Institute
    …Scholarships of $50 each, from a fund raised by student entertainments were awarded to seven students in the School of Fine and Applied Arts of Pratt Institute. The winners were chosen by competition. They are Erwin Liebig, architecture; John Shelley, industrial design; Richard Brunell, advertising design; Julius Svendsen, illustrations; Alfred Avison, illustration; Joseph Amisano, architecture; Charles Wagner, advertising design.
    1940 United States Federal Census
    Home: McKinley Street, Norwalk, Fairfield, Connecticut
    Name / Age / Occupation
    George A Avison, 54, artist
    Edith Avison, 55, blank
    George M Avison, 31, blank
    Alfred D Avison, 20, blank

    1940 Prattonia
    page 54 (slide scroll bar to 56-57): Avison, Alfred Dean, Pic. Ill. III, Rowayton, Conn….Football ’38, ’39, ’40; Basketball ’38, ’39, ’40; Softball ’38, ’39, ’40; Ping Pong ’39, ’40; Social Contact Man; Artsmen Representative.

    The New York Times
    June 11, 1940

    Pratt Institute to Graduate 660
    Four Schools of the Brooklyn Institution to Award Diplomas at the Exercises Today
    School of Fine and Applied Arts
    Alfred D. Avison
    Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999
    Comic book career begins in 1940

    World War II Army Enlistment Record
    Name: Alfred D Avison
    Enlistment Date: June 27, 1942
    Enlistment Place: New York, New York
    Education: 3 years of college
    Civil Occupation: Commercial artists

    Rome Sentinel
    (New York)
    September 17, 1945

    Map Program to Deflate Japanese Ego
    MacArthur Institutes Measures Designed to Emphasize Defeat
    TOKYO—(AP)—Gen. MacArthur instituted today a broad American information program to convince every Japanese of the empire's defeat, of its war guilt, to eleminate [sic] militarism and to encourage democratic principles.

    The direct information program will employ the Japanese press, radio and schools.

    The Army forces in the Pacific Psychological Warfare Branch has been converted into an “information dissemination section” [IDS] under Brig. Gen. Bonner F. Feller, MacArthur’s military secretary.

    …At the outset the information dissemination section will operate through the Japanese Board of Information, contacting representatives of Japanese publications, radio, movie distributors and schools.

    …The planning group os headed by Capt. Arthur Behrsock, former Chicago newspaperman.

    The IDS staff, in charge of the various departments, will be:
    Education—Maj. Harold G. Henderson, on leave from Columbia University.
    Movies—Robert Perkins, OWI who was born in Japan.
    Chief of Releases—-Capt. Donald F. McCammon, formerly with the United Press in Chicago.
    Radio—Capt. William Roth. Helena. Mont.
    Pictures and Art—Lt. Alfred D. Avison, Norwalk, Conn.
    Magazines—Capt. John R. Kennedy, Washington, D. C.
    Nisei and Japanese Employees—Lt. Taro Tsukahara, San Francisco.
    OWI Representatives—Bradford Smith chief of the OWI in Japan who spent five years here as a teacher and writer and served with the OWI at Honolulu; and David Conde….
    Avison passed away December 30, 1984, in Norwalk, Connecticut.

    Connecticut Death Index
    Name: Alfred D Avison
    Occupation: President
    Industry: Avison Associates [advertising studio in New York]
    Marital Status: Married
    Birth Date: July 7, 1920
    Birth Place: Connecticut
    Address: Homewood Lane
    Residence: Darien, Connecticut
    Death Date: December 30, 1984
    Death Place: Norwalk, Connecticut
    Age: 64 Years
    Spouse: Marga
    Father's Surname: Avison

    Further Reading
    The Scudder Association
    Grand Comics Database

    Allen Bellman: The Interview
    Michael J. Vassallo: What about Al Avison and Al Gabrielle?
    Allen Bellman: They weren’t on staff when I was there. Either they predated me, were freelancers or worked strictly for Funnies Inc. and bypassed the staff completely in which case I would have likely missed them.

    (Next post on Monday: )

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    Victor Samuel Fox was born on April 13, 1893 in Nottinghamshire, England. Birth information is based on Fox’s World War I and II draft cards, Who’s Who in Finance and Industry (volumes 7 and 9) and death certificate. The 1900 U.S. Federal Census had April 1893 as Fox’s birth month and year. However, Fox’s New York, World War I military service card had March 23, 1893 as his birth date. A third birth date, July 3, 1893, has been given by other publications and websites.

    Fox’s World War II draft card had his full name as “Victor Samuel Fox”. In the 1900 census, Fox’s name was recorded as “Samuel V J Fox”. The initial J was for Joseph according to some publications and websites.

    Census, military, naturalization, marriage and travel information are from

    1900 United States Federal Census
    Home: 129 County Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
    Household Members
    Name / Age
    Joseph Fox, 35; born in Russia; store keeper
    Bessie Fox, 37; born in Russia
    Annie Fox, 16; born in Russia
    Rosie Fox, 15; born in Russia
    Fanny E Fox, 8; born in England
    Samuel V J Fox, 7; born in England
    Etta Fox, 2; born in Massachusetts
    Marion Fox, 1 month; born in Massachusetts

    Massachusetts, State and Federal Naturalization Records
    Name: Joseph Fox
    Address: 34 Ninth Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
    Occupation: Peddler
    Petition Age: 39
    Record Type: Petition
    Birth Date: May 16, 1864
    Birth Place: Lubek, Novigrodac, Russia
    Arrival Date: August 1, 1896
    Arrival Place: New York City
    Petition Date: November 9, 1900
    Petition Place: Fall River, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
    Naturalization Date: April 21, 1904 (Victor S. Fox and his foreign-born siblings became naturalized Americans.)

    1910 United States Federal Census
    Home: 609 Cherry Street, Fall River, Massachusetts
    Household Members
    Name / Age
    Joseph Fox, 44; merchant/cloak store
    Bessie Fox, 48
    Rosie Fox, 22
    Frances Fox, 18
    Victor Fox, 17
    Etta Fox, 12
    Marion Fox, 09

    1915 New York State Census
    Home: 555 West 151 Street, New York, New York
    Household Members:
    Name / Age
    Joseph Fox, 48; cloak and suit retailer
    Bessie Fox, 47
    Anna L Fox, 26
    Frances E Fox, 22
    Jeanette Fox, 17
    Marian G Fox, 15
    (Victor S. Fox not found in state census)

    The New York Times

    February 24, 1916
    New Incorporations
    Albany, N.Y., Feb. 23.—Harry T. Johnson, Inc., ladies’ ready-to-wear apparel, $10,000; E. Goodman, V.S. Fox, H.T. Johnson, Hotel McAlpin.
    The New York Times
    August 16, 1916
    New Incorporations.
    Albany, August 15.—Thirty corporations were chartered today, with an aggregate capital stock of $396,309. They include:
    Fox Costumes, Inc., theatrical costumes, theatrical, vaudeville enterprises, $5,000; L. J. Jacoves, A. L. and V. S. Fox, 555 W. 151st St.
    The New York Clipper
    August 26, 1916
    Fox Costumes, Inc., theatrical costumes, theatrical, vaudeville enterprises, incorporated at Albany, Aug. 15, for $5,000. L. J. Jacoves, A. L. and V. S. Fox.
    The New York Dramatic Mirror
    September 2, 1916
    New Incorporations
    Albany, N. Y. (Special).—The following theatrical concerns were incorporated here last week:Fox Costumes, Inc., New York City, To deal in theatrical and vaudeville enterprises, and the manufacture of theatrical costumes. Capital, $5,000. Directors, Anna L. Fox, Victor S. Fox, and Louis J. Jacoves, 198 Broadway. New York city.


    October 6, 1916
    Fox Costumes Inc. advertisement


    October 20, 1916
    Fox Costumes Inc. advertisement

    The New York Times

    February 17, 1917
    Business Records
    The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
    In New York County.
    Amounts of $100 and over.
    Fox, Victor S.—S.C. Lavin…$321.95

    The New York Times
    November 1, 1917
    Business Records
    The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
    In New York County.
    (Amounts of $100 and over.)
    World Costume Corp. and Victor S. Fox—M.I. Eisfeldt…$105.35

    World War I Draft Card
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Birth Date: April 13, 1893
    Birth Place: Nottinghamshire, England
    Street Address: 555 West 151 Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
    Occupation: Manufacturer Military Uniforms
    Employer: World Costume Corporation, 42 East 20 Street, New York, New York
    Physical Build: Stout
    Height: Medium
    Hair Color: Black
    Eye Color: Gray
    Signature: June 5, 1918

    New York, World War I Military Service Card
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Birth Place: England
    Birth Date: March 23, 1893
    Service Start Date: July 26, 1918
    Service Start Place: New York City, New York
    Assignment: Engineering Training Regiment Camp, Humphreys, Virginia
    Grade: Private
    Discharge Date: December 24, 1918

    1920 United States Federal Census
    Home: 555 West 151st Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
    Household Members
    Name / Age
    Joseph Fox, 55
    Bessie Fox, 58
    Anna L Fox, 32
    Rose S Fox, 30
    Frances E Fox, 26
    Victor S Fox, 25; exporter/general merchandise
    Etta J Fox, 21
    Marion Y Fox, 19

    Port of New York Annual

    Alexander Rogers Smith
    Smith’s Port Publishing Company, Inc., 1920 
    Shipping Agents
    Fox, Victor S. & Co., 47 Broadway.
    The New York Times
    April 11, 1920
    Ship for Hamburg Route.
    Consolidated Maritime Line Here Buys Former Austrian Steamer.
    [Victor S. Fox of Consolidated Maritime Line]
    The New York Times
    April 21, 1920
    $10,813,130 for 23 Ships.
    Board Announces Receipts from Sale of Former German Vessels.
    [Victor S. Fox & Co. Association purchased nine vessels: Arapahoe for $165,000; Armenia for $864,375; Chillicothe for $192,500; Ceosa for $262,500; Osadomia for $690,000; Monongahela for $228,250; Moshulu for $272,250; Muscoota for $206,250; and Tonawanda for $156,585.]
    The New York Times
    April 21, 1920
    V.S. Fox Gets Coal Tract
    Purchase Disclosed Through Incorporation of New Company
    [Victor S. Fox and Associates incorporated the Crystal Coal Corporation in Delaware and purchased coal acreage in Virginia to fuel its ships.]
    New York Tribune
    June 29, 1920
    Business Troubles
    Satisfied Judgments.
    The first name is that of the debtor, the second that of the creditor and date when judgment was filed:
    Fox, Victor S.—H. L. Oppenheim et al; July 25, 1917…$295.74
    Same—Same; July 25, 1917…$164.85
    World Costume Corporation and Victor S. Fox—M. I. Eisfeldt; Oct. 31, 1917…$321.90
    Fox, Victor S. and David Galway—H. Little; Oct. 17, 1917…$133.21
    New York Tribune
    August 25, 1920
    Business Troubles
    Satisfied Judgments.
    In New York County
    The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
    Fox, Victor S., and David Galway—A.E. Alloy; October 16, 1919…$165.55
    Fox Costumes, Co., Inc.—Siegman & Well; June 19, 1917…$333.23
    Fox Costumes, Co., Inc., —N.Y. Telephone Co.; Jan. 29, 1918…$391.38
    The New York Times
    October 1, 1920
    Inquiry Under Way on Fox Ship Sale
    Federal Officials at Work Following Purchase of Shipping Board Vessels.
    Interest was caused in shipping circles yesterday by the report that Federal authorities were investigating certain phases of the purchase of a number of steamships by Victor S. Fox & Co., Incorporated, and the Consolidated Maritime Lines, Incorporated, of 47 Broadway….
    The New York Times
    October 3, 1920
    Halted in Stock Sales.
    Allied Capital Corporation Enjoined on Prosecutor’s Plea.
    The Allied Capital Corporation and two of its officers, John A. Sacks, president, and Victor S. Fox, a director, were temporarily enjoined yesterday from continuing sales of securities by an order signed by Supreme Court Justice May in Brooklyn…
    The New York Times
    October 4, 1920
    Recall Board Ships from Fox’s Control
    Washington, Oct. 3.—Control of twelve Shipping Board vessels, valued at more than $6,500,000, obtained by Victor S. Fox of New York on the partial payment plan, has been withdrawn….

    …it was understood that a receiver had been appointed for the Victor Fox, Inc., the Consolidated Maritime Lines, Inc., and other steamship lines of which Fox is President….
    Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    October 6, 1920
    Indict Steamship Men
    The New York Times
    October 6, 1920

    Two Fox Officials Indicted for Fraud
    Federal Jury Holds President and Treasurer for Deal with Shipping Board.
    False Vouchers Charged
    Victor S. Fox, President, and William H. Kaiser, Treasurer, of Victor S. Fox & Co., Inc., were indicted yesterday by the Federal Grand Jury on a charge of attempting to defraud the United States Shipping Board by presenting accounts and vouchers….

    …It is charged in the indictment that on Aug. 11, 1920, the defendants, “for the purpose and with the intent of cheating, swindling and defrauding the Government of the United States and the United States Shipping Board,” made a false account and certificate….

    …Fox was held in $10,000 in bail and Kaiser in $7,500.
    Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    October 7, 1920
    Bankruptcy Forced on Fox, 13 S. S. Cos.
    The New York Times
    October 8, 1920

    Receiver for Fox Company
    An involuntary petition in bankruptcy was filed in the Federal Court yesterday against the Victor S. Fox Company, Inc., of 47 Broadway, by three creditors….The Fox Company and its affiliated concerns consented to the decree….
    October 16, 1920
    Legal Notices
    Victor S. Fox, 47 Broadway, $1,236.16 claimed by Gordon Beattie for wages as master of s.s. Isonomia (U.S. Dis. Ct., S.D., N.Y.).
    Shipping Board Operations
    Hearings Before Select Committee on U.S. Shipping Board Operations
    House of Representatives
    Sixty-sixth Congress, Third Session, Part 11
    U.S. Government Printing Office, 1921
    Bulletin, Friday, January 21.
    [Public Notices.]
    Notice to Creditors of Victor S. Fox and Company, Inc., States Steamship Corporation, American Merchant Marines, Inc., Atlantic Adriatic Steamship Corporation, French American Line, Inc., Standard Steamship Company, Inc., International Maritime Corporation, Italian Star Line, Inc., and all Allied Lines of the Above Named.
    The New York Herald
    March 14, 1921
    Ship and Sail under the Stars and Stripes
    Keep our ships on the Seven Seas
    United States Shipping Board Services
    49 Fox, Victor S., & Co. 47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
    New York Tribune
    March 18, 1921
    Shipping Companies and Agents Addresses and Telephone Numbers
    Fox, Victor S. & Co. (U.S.S.B.)
    47 B’way, N.Y. Whitehall 1950
    American Industries
    April 1921
    49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
    The New York Herald
    April 11, 1921
    Keep our Ships on the Seven Seas under the Stars and Stripes
    United States Shipping Board Services
    To All Parts of the World
    49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.
    Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver
    47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950
    Harper’s Magazine
    May 1921
    Fox, Victor S., & Co., N. Y.

    The New York Times

    May 17, 1921
    Misuse of Office Denied by Conrad
    Shipping Board Counsel Says He Did Not Exercise Influence in Receiverships.
    …Victor S. Fox of Victor S. Fox & Co., 47 Broadway, one of the thirty-nine principal and subsidiary shipping companies under receivership in this district, said that he could give important information concerning Mr. Conrad, Mr. Nicoll and Mr. Carson, if called to testify. Mr. Fox added that the indictment against his firm, now pending in the United Stated District Court, was the result of the activities of men who are now facing an inquiry themselves.
    Coal Review
    May 18, 1921
    49 Fox, Victor S., & Co.
    Geo. W. Sterling, Rec’ver
    47 B’way, N.Y. Wh. 1950

    The Marine Journal

    October 29, 1921
    One Receiver named for Many Ship Companies
    Receivership for twenty-nine steamship companies, formerly arranged in seven groups in as many separate appointments, is now united, with James G. Graham, 11 Broadway, named by Judge Julius M. May of the United States District Court as receiver. The unification of receivership has been ordered in an attempt to save unnecessary expense and to simplify litigation in which the United States Government, through the Shipping Board, is the principal complainant and largest creditor. Mr. Graham succeeds Shipping Board officials previously appointed.

    Notices to creditors have been published asking that all file their claims with the new receiver. John G. Pore, 11 Broadway, is Mr. Graham’s attorney….

    The defendant companies named are:

    …Consolidated Maritime Lines, Victor S. Fox & Co., Tonowanda Navigation Company, Muscoota Navigation Company, Moshulu Navigation Company, Monongahela Navigation Company, Chillicothe Navigation Company, Arapahoe Navigation Company, Mount Shasta Navigation Company, Jeanette Steamship Company, Isonomia Steamship Company, Coosa Steamship Company, Castlewood Steamship Company and Armenia Steamship Company.
    November 10, 1921
    Shipping Legal Record
    (same text as The Marine Journal)

    New York Tribune

    May 14, 1922
    The Fate of American Merchant Marine Is in the Balance
    …Victor S. Fox, a theatrical costumer, began business on a shoe string, and for a time had hopes of making himself a figure in the steamship world. He bought ships at ten per cent cash and expected to pay off the remainder from current earnings. Unfortunately he went in on the ebb tide, which soon left him stranded on the sand.
    Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    February 24, 1924
    To Start S. S. Line
    The steamer City of Seattle which is due in New York from Jacksonville, Fla., tomorrow morning, will be the first boat to sail under the New York-Atlantic City Steamship Line, next month, according to Victor S. Fox, president of the new corporation….
    The Evening Star
    (Peekskill, New York)
    August 21, 1924
    New Night Line Now Operating on River
    Victor S. Fox. president of the New York-Atlantic City Steamship Co., and his associates in the New York, Albany and Western Steamship Co., started a new service from New York to Albany and Troy, beginning Wednesday with the departure of the steamship, Lancaster, from Pier 46, North River. Sailings will be maintained every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Mr. Fox says that other ships probably will be added later. Associated with him is H A. Lamb, as vice-president and general manager.

    The Lancaster was formerly operated from Baltimore on the Chesapeake. Mr. Fox announced that the fare will be $1 and the rates will range from 75 cents for berths to $5 for staterooms. The ship has accommodations for 400 passengers. The dining service will be cafeteria style.
    United States Investor
    October 25, 1924
    Financial Inquiries
    New York & Atlantic City Steamship Co.
    41732. (Buffalo, N. Y.) Will you kindly favor us with an expression of your judgment relative to New York Atlantic City Steamship Company, whose address Is Pier 12, East River, New York? A client of ours who has made an investment In the company is desirous of securing some information concerning the stability and the possibility of the stock in the above company.

    Ans.: We are not favorably Impressed with the line-up of the New York and Atlantic City Steamship Co., which has moved its headquarters from Pier 12, East River, New York, to 82 Wall Street, New York. Stock in the company was sold by the [missing text]
    1925 New York, New York, City Directory
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Street address: 82 Wall R305
    Occupation: President, NY & Atlantic City Steamship Co

    1925 New York State Census
    Home: 514 West 114th Street, Manhattan, New York, New York
    Household Members
    Name / Age
    Joseph Fox, 61; merchant
    Bessie Fox, 63
    Marian Fox, 22; stenographer
    Josephine Verderber, 24; maid
    (Victor S. Fox not found in state census)

    The New York Times

    December 23, 1925
    Business Records
    Filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
    In New York County.
    Fox, Victor S.—Longacre Bank...$4,312.10

    Massachusetts Reports, Volume 256

    Decisions Supreme Judicial Court
    Victor S. Fox and Company

    Florida, Passenger List

    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: February 11, 1928
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
    Ship: Iroquois

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: February 17, 1929
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    The New York Times
    May 17, 1929

    Tuttle ‘Coup’ Ends Tipster Concern
    …Victor S. Fox of the Allied Capital Corporation, 49 Broadway and 331 Madison Avenue, was arraigned yesterday before United States Commissioner A. O’Neill and held in $7,500 bail on a charge of using the mails to defraud….Fox, according to the prosecutor, operated a “sell and switch” stock concern. He said Fox also had a desk room at 230 Park Avenue as “Fox Motor and Bank Stocks, Inc.,” and as “American Common Stocks, Inc.”…Fox was arrested yesterday.
    Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    September 5, 1929
    First Financial “Speakeasy” Trial in Crusade Opens
    …Victor S. Fox of the Allied Capital Corporation of 49 Broadway and 331 Madison ave., was arraigned and held in $7,500 bail on a mail fraud charge….
    Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    September 6, 1929
    Ford Stock Firm Banned by Court
    …a temporary injunction restraining the Allied Capital Corporation and Victor S. Fox from doing further business. It is charged that they accepted money from investors for foreign Ford stock and failed to deliver the stock….
    The New York Times
    November 28, 1929
    4 Indicted in Stock Sales.
    Mail Frauds Charged to Group That Dealt in Ford of France.
    The Federal grand jury late yesterday indicted Victor S. Fox, Fred H. Hallen, I. Lloyd Zimmer and William McManus on a charge of using the mails to defraud in connection with their stock-selling activities for the Allied Capital Corporation at 300 and 331 Madison Avenue and 49 Broadway….
    New York Legislative Documents
    J.B. Lyon Company, 1930
    The Allied Capital Corporation was another pretentious enterprise of this kind. Its principal, Victor S. Fox, is now being held under a charge of larceny.
    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox [name crossed out]
    Arrival Date: February 8, 1930
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
    Ship: Evangeline

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: January 3, 1931
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: November 29, 1931
    Port of Departure: New York, New York
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Ship Name: Paris

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: February 25, 1934
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: January 5, 1936
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: February 10, 1936
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    Miami Herald
    May 17, 1936

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Place: March 1, 1937
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    The New York Times
    October 28, 1938

    Business Records
    The following judgments were filed yesterday, the first name being that of the debtor:
    In New York County.
    Tax Commission:
    …Fox, Victor S., $390.92
    New York Post
    December 29, 1938
    The Stars vs. McKesson & Robbins
    World Astrology Magazine, for January, 1939, recommends purchase of McKesson & Robbins securities.

    Victor S. Fox, editor of the magazine, was called before Assistant Attorney General McCall of New York State to explain. Fox said McKesson & Robbins was included under the “armament group,” and that since January looked like a good month for armament stocks. World Astrology recommended it.

    This untoward event and its even more un toward explanation need not cause loss of astrological faith, however. It may be an astrological phenomenon in reverse.

    The McKesson & Robbins investors undoubtedly will see stars on the next dividend date.
    Fox Feature Syndicate’s first comic book was Wonder Comics, #1, May 1939, which featured Wonder Man.  On the third issue, Wonder Comics was retitled Wonderworld Comics

    Stripper’s Guide
    1939 Fox Feature Syndicate Advertising Campaign

    Stripper’s Guide
    1940 Fox Feature Syndicate Advertising Campaign

    The New York Times
    ebruary 1, 1940

    Business Records
    Satisfied Judgments
    The first name is that of the debtor, the second that of the creditor and the date when judgment was filed:
    In New York County
    Fox, Victor S.—State Tax Comm., Oct. 27, 1939…309.92
    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: March 6, 1940

    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    1940 United States Federal Census
    Home: 142 East 49 Street, New York, New York

    Citizenship: Naturalized
    Occupation: Publisher
    Industry: Magazine
    House Owned or Rented: Rented
    Highest Grade Completed: High School, 1st year
    Class of Worker: Working on own account
    Weeks Worked in 1939: 52
    Income: 1000
    Income Other Sources: Yes
    Household Members
    Name / Age
    Victor Fox, 45

    April 15, 1940
    N. Elliott Stuckel, for nine years with CBS, has been named director of the promotion division of Fox Feature Syndicate, according to an announcement by Victor S. Fox, president. Mr. Stuckel will handle radio, newspaper and merchandising contacts.
    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: March 1, 1941
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida

    World War II Draft Card
    Name: Victor Samuel Fox
    Residence Place: New York, New York, USA
    Residence Address: 142 East 49th Street
    Age: 49
    Birth Date: April 13, 1893
    Birth Place: Nottingham, England
    Employer Name and Address: Self, 247 Park Avenue, New York, New York
    Height: 5’ 3”
    Weight: 178 lbs.
    Eyes: Brown
    Hair: Black
    Signature: April 26, 1942

    Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office
    November 1942

    List of Patentees to Whom Patents Were Issued on the 3d Day of November, 1942
    Fox, Victor S., New York, and R.W. Farrell, Bronx, N.Y., said Fox assignor, by mesne assignments, to said Farrell, Optical projector. 2,301,114; Nov. 3.
    New York City, Marriage Indexes
    Name: Victor S. Fox
    Marriage Date: August 7, 1943
    Marriage Place: Queens, New York City, New York
    Spouse: Carolyne Marion Bellvage [spelled Caroline Balevich on Fox’s death certificate]

    Long Island Daily Press

    (Jamaica, New York)
    August 13, 1943
    Marriage Licenses
    Fox-Bellvage—Victor Fox, 50, of Manhattan, and Carolyne Bellvage, 36, of 84-46 Smedley street, Jamaica.

    The New York Times

    November 7, 1944
    Gould Court Hears of Contract Fund
    Testimony that a special account to pay Army contract officers for aid in obtaining Government war business had been set up by the Cornwall Shipbuilding Company, was given yesterday by Victor S. Fox, a former partner of the company, at the general court-martial of Capt. Joseph (Joe) Gould, former prize fight manager until he entered the Army Transportation Corps two years ago….
    The New York Times
    November 14, 1944
    Army Court Finds Joe Gould Guilty
    …Named by the trial judge advocate as co-conspirators were the Cornwall Shipbuilding Company of cornwall Landing, N.Y., and its three partners, Milton A. Henry, Victor Fox and Henry Glassgold, and in summing up for the prosecution Assistant Trial Judge Advocate Lieut. Kenneth F. Graf described them as “nothing more than a gang of modern buccaneers, who took to fighting among themselves over the division of the spoils.”
    The New York Times
    December 21, 1944
    Not Involved in Plot
    …The attention of The Times has now been called to the fact that Victor Fox was not named as a co-conspirator. Mr. Fox, who was a witness for the Government, testified that he sold his interest in the company as soon as he learned of the contract involved in the proceeding.

    The Times is glad to take this opportunity of expressing its regret for the error.
    1945 New York, New York, City Directory
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Street address: b 60E42

    1946 New York, New York, City Directory
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Street address: b 60E42

    The New York Times
    May 29, 1946

    Four Apartments in Broadway Deal
    Victor S. Fox, magazine publisher, has purchased for occupancy from Mrs. Amy E. Wing the five-story dwelling at 59 East Eighty-second Street. The property occupies a lot 18 by 100 feet and is assessed at $40,000….
    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Address: 142 East 49th Street, New York
    Arrival Date: June 5, 1946
    Occupation: Publisher
    Port of Departure: Bermuda
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    The New York Times
    July 15, 1946
    Manhattan Transfers
    82d St, 59 E; Amy E. Wing to Victor S. Fox, 59 R. 82d St; mtg $15,000 ($41.25)

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: January 1, 1947
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
    Airline: National Airlines

    The New York Times
    October 23, 1947

    Comics Group Buys Paper Mill
    Potsdam Paper Mills, Inc., of Potsdam, N.Y., on the Racquette River, has been acquired by a syndicate headed by Victor S. Fox, president of Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc., publisher of comic magazines, and Central Color Press, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., printer of such magazines, it was announced yesterday. The purchase, Mr. Fox said, gives his group a completely integrated operation.
    Rome Daily Sentinel
    (New York)
    October 24, 1947

    Potsdam Paper Co. Sold to Syndicate
    New York—(AP)—Potsdam Paper Mills of Potsdam, N.Y., have been sold to a syndicate headed by Victor S. Fox, New York comic magazine publisher.

    The price was not disclosed in the company’s announcement yesterday.

    Fox is president of Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc.

    The Potsdam plant manufactures newsprint and cover stock, chiefly from reclaimed waste from the binding operations of the Central Color Press, Inc., at Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Additional machinery and equipment are being installed.

    Roland I. Mead has been named mill manager. He formerly was consulting engineer with American Industrial Company.
    1948 New York, New York, City Directory
    Name: Victor S FoxStreet address: b 60E42

    Florida, Passenger Lists
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: February 22, 1948
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
    Airline: Pan American

    1949 New York, New York, City Directory
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Street address: b 60E42

    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Departure Place: Marseille, France
    Arrival Date: October 29, 1949
    Arrival Place: Boston, Massachusetts
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Address: 142 E 49th St., NY
    Arrival Date: October 30, 1949
    Port of Departure: Lisbon, Portugal
    Port of Arrival: LaGuardia Airport, New York, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: 7 Jan 1951
    Place of Origin: New York
    Port of Departure: San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: July 1, 1951
    Port of Departure: New York, New York
    Port of Arrival: London, England
    Airline: Trans World Airlines
    Flight Number: 960-1

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: July 8, 1951
    Port of Departure: Paris, France
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Trans World Airlines

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Departure Date: May 12, 1953
    Departure Place: New York, New York, USA
    Airline: Trans World Airlines, Inc.
    Flight Number: 968/12

    Who’s Who in Finance and Industry
    Volume 7
    Marquis-Who’s Who, 1953
    FOX, Victor Samuel, publisher; b. Nottingham. Eng., Apr 13, 1893: s. Joseph and Betsy (Duschae) F.: came to U.S., 1898, naturalized, 1904: grad. B.M.C. Durfee High Sch., Fall River, Mass., 1911; m. Carolyne Bellvage, Aug. 8, 1943: 1 dau. Victoria Ann. Pres. and chmn. bd. Consolidated Maritime Lines. Inc, shipbuilders and operators, 1919-22: Industrial engr., adviser on reorganizations to large corporations. 1922-35; chmn. and pres. Fox Feature Syndicate, Inc., New York, N.Y., also 10 affiliated companies, since 1935; president Central Color Press, Incorporated, publication printers, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.: pub. 20 monthly newsstand mags.; creator and owner of 119 comic feature characters appearing in Magazines and newspapers throughout the world. Home: Palmer Hill Rd., Greenwich, Conn. Office: 60 E. 42d St., N.Y. City 17.
    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: July 29, 1953
    Port of Departure: Geneva, Switzerland
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Trans World Airlines

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Departure Date: May 20, 1954
    Departure Place: New York, New York, USA
    Airline: Trans World Airlines, Inc.
    Flight Number: 962/20

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: June 29, 1954
    Port of Departure: San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: July 26, 1954
    Port of Departure: Zurich
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Trans World Airlines

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Samuel Fox
    Arrival Date: September 26, 1954
    Port of Departure: Mexico
    Port of Arrival: Idlewild Airport, New York
    Airline: Air France

    Who’s Who in Finance and Industry
    Volume 9
    Marquis-Who’s Who, 1955
    page 374: (same as volume 7)

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: May 16, 1955
    Port of Departure: London, England
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways
    Flight Number: PA 74/16

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor Fox
    Arrival Date: July 2, 1955
    Port of Departure: Zurich, Switzerland
    Port of Arrival: New York, New York
    Airline: Swiss Air

    Who’s Who in Commerce and Finance
    Volume 10
    Marquis-Who’s Who, 1957

    FOX, Victor Samuel, pres. Key Industries. Inc.. Renard Investments, Ltd. Address: 142 E. 49 St., N.Y.C. 17.
    Florida, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Place: April 5, 1957
    Arrival Place: Miami, Florida
    Airline: British Overseas Airways Corporation

    New York, Passenger List
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Arrival Date: April 7, 1957
    Port of Departure: Nassau, Bahamas
    Port of Arrival: Idlewild Airport, New York
    Airline: Pan American Airways

    The New York Times
    July 6, 1957

    Fox—Victor S.
    With profound sorrow we announce the passing of our believed fellow member, Victor S. Fox.National Democratic Club.
    Carmine G DeSapio, President,
    Thomas A. Lenane, Secretary.
    Connecticut Death Index
    Name: Victor S Fox
    Marital Status: Married
    Birth Date: April 13, 1893
    Residence: Greenwich, Fairfield, Connecticut
    Death Date: July 3, 1957
    Death Place: Greenwich, Fairfield, Connecticut
    Age: 64 Years

    Father: Joseph Fox
    Mother: Bessie Duchefsky

    Social Security Applications and Claims Index
    Name: Victor Samuel Fox
    Birth Date: April 13, 1893
    Death Date: July 3, 1957
    Claim Date: August 6, 1957
    SSN: 093166348

    According to the death certificate, Fox was laid to rest at Woodlawn Cemetery. In response to an email request, Woodlawn Cemetery provided the location: Arbutus plot, section 184, lot 16592.

    Find a Grave
    Fox’s death information is incorrect.

    Social Security Death Index

    Wife: Carolyne B. Fox, December 12, 1906 – February 12, 1995
    Daughter: Victoria A. Fox, August 21, 1944 – December 5, 2002

    Further Reading

    Alter Ego #101, May 2011

    The Phantom Lady Archives
    Volume 2: The Fox Years, 1947 to 1949

    The Blue Beetle Companion: His Many Lives from 1939 to Today
    Christopher Irving
    TwoMorrows Publishing, 2007

    The Comics Detective
    DC vs Victor Fox

    Field Guide to Wild American Pulp Artist
    Excellent profile but date of death is incorrect.

    (Next post on Monday)